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The Rise of Shadow Banking: Evidence from Capital Regulation

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  • Rustom M. Irani
  • Rajkamal Iyer
  • Ralf R. Meisenzahl
  • José-Luis Peydró

Abstract

We investigate the connections between bank capital regulation and the prevalence of lightly regulated nonbanks (shadow banks) in the U.S. corporate loan market. For identification, we exploit a supervisory credit register of syndicated loans, loan-time fixed-effects, and shocks to capital requirements arising from surprise features of the U.S. implementation of Basel III. We find that less-capitalized banks reduce loan retention, particularly among loans with higher capital requirements and at times when capital is scarce, and nonbanks step in. This reallocation has important spillovers: during the 2008 crisis, loans funded by nonbanks with fragile liabilities are less likely to be rolled over and experience greater price volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Rustom M. Irani & Rajkamal Iyer & Ralf R. Meisenzahl & José-Luis Peydró, 2019. "The Rise of Shadow Banking: Evidence from Capital Regulation," Working Papers 1098, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:1098
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    4. Gustafson, Matthew T. & Ivanov, Ivan T. & Meisenzahl, Ralf R., 2021. "Bank monitoring: Evidence from syndicated loans," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(2), pages 452-477.
    5. Van Horen, Neeltje & Kotidis, Antonis, 2018. "Repo market functioning: the role of capital regulation," Bank of England working papers 746, Bank of England.
    6. Stefan Gebauer & Falk Mazelis, 2019. "Macroprudential Regulation and Leakage to the Shadow Banking Sector," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1814, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Puriya Abbassi & Rajkamal Iyer & José-Luis Peydró & Paul E. Soto, 2020. "Stressed banks? Evidence from the largest-ever supervisory review," Economics Working Papers 1721, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    8. Isil Erel & Jack Liebersohn, 2020. "Does FinTech Substitute for Banks? Evidence from the Paycheck Protection Program," NBER Working Papers 27659, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Mark J. Flannery, 2020. "Contrasting Worldviews at Bank and Securities Market Regulators," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 43-62, October.
    10. Golden, Brian & Maqui, Eduardo, 2018. "How 'special' are international banks sponsoring Irish-resident SPEs?," Research Technical Papers 14/RT/18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    11. Erica Jiang & Gregor Matvos & Tomasz Piskorski & Amit Seru, 2020. "Banking without Deposits: Evidence from Shadow Bank Call Reports," NBER Working Papers 26903, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Raphael Auer & Steven Ongena, 2016. "The countercyclical capital buffer and the composition of bank lending," BIS Working Papers 593, Bank for International Settlements.
    13. Greg Buchak & Gregor Matvos & Tomasz Piskorski & Amit Seru, 2018. "Beyond the Balance Sheet Model of Banking: Implications for Bank Regulation and Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 25149, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Stefan Avdjiev & José María Serena Garralda, 2020. "Regulatory capital, market capital and risk taking in international bank lending," BIS Working Papers 912, Bank for International Settlements.
    15. Albertazzi, Ugo & Barbiero, Francesca & Marqués-Ibáñez, David & Popov, Alexander & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2020. "Monetary policy and bank stability: the analytical toolbox reviewed," Working Paper Series 2377, European Central Bank.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    shadow banks; risk-based capital regulation; Basel III; interactions between banks and nonbanks; trading by banks; distressed debt;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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