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Repo market functioning: the role of capital regulation

Author

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  • Van Horen, Neeltje

    (Bank of England)

  • Kotidis, Antonis

    (University of Bonn)

Abstract

This paper shows that the leverage ratio affects repo intermediation for banks and non-bank financial institutions. We exploit a novel regulatory change in the UK to identify an exogenous intensification of the leverage ratio and combine this with supervisory transaction-level data capturing the near-universe of gilt repo trading. Studying adjustments at the dealer-client level and controlling for demand and confounding factors, we find that dealers subject to a more binding leverage ratio reduced liquidity in the repo market. This affected their small but not their large clients. We further document a reduction in frequency of transactions and a worsening of repo pricing, but no adjustment in haircuts or maturities. Finally, we find evidence of market resilience, based on existing, rather than new repo relationships, with foreign, non-constrained dealers stepping in. Overall, our findings help shed light on the impact of Basel III capital regulation on repo markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Van Horen, Neeltje & Kotidis, Antonis, 2018. "Repo market functioning: the role of capital regulation," Bank of England working papers 746, Bank of England.
  • Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:0746
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    Cited by:

    1. Dong Beom Choi & Michael R. Holcomb & Donald P. Morgan, 2020. "Bank Leverage Limits and Regulatory Arbitrage: Old Question‐New Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 241-266, October.
    2. Aldasoro, Iñaki & Ehlers, Torsten & Eren, Egemen, 2022. "Global banks, dollar funding, and regulation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    3. Behn, Markus & Mangiante, Giacomo & Parisi, Laura & Wedow, Michael, 2019. "Behind the scenes of the beauty contest: window dressing and the G-SIB framework," Working Paper Series 2298, European Central Bank.
    4. Coen, Patrick & Coen, Jamie, 2019. "A structural model of interbank network formation and contagion," Bank of England working papers 833, Bank of England.
    5. Ambrocio, Gene & Hasan, Iftekhar & Jokivuolle, Esa & Ristolainen, Kim, 2020. "Are bank capital requirements optimally set? Evidence from researchers’ views," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    6. Ranaldo, Angelo & Schaffner, Patrick & Vasios, Michalis, 2021. "Regulatory effects on short-term interest rates," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 750-770.
    7. Duncan, Elizabeth & Horvath, Akos & Iercosan, Diana & Loudis, Bert & Maddrey, Alice & Martinez, Francis & Mooney, Timothy & Ranish, Ben & Wang, Ke & Warusawitharana, Missaka & Wix, Carlo, 2022. "COVID-19 as a stress test: Assessing the bank regulatory framework," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    8. Gerba, Eddie & Katsoulis, Petros, 2021. "The repo market under Basel III," Bank of England working papers 954, Bank of England.
    9. Krohn, Ingomar & Sushko, Vladyslav, 2022. "FX spot and swap market liquidity spillovers," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    10. Lara, José Luis & López-Gallo, Fabrizio & Lord, Stefano & Romero, Alberto, 2021. "Effects of the international regulatory reforms over market liquidity of Mexican sovereign debt," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).
    11. Gino Cenedese & Pasquale Della Corte & Tianyu Wang, 2021. "Currency Mispricing and Dealer Balance Sheets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 76(6), pages 2763-2803, December.
    12. Hyeyoon Jung, 2021. "Real Consequences of Foreign Exchange Derivatives Hedging," Staff Reports 989, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    13. Hüser, Anne-Caroline & Lepore, Caterina & Veraart, Luitgard, 2021. "How does the repo market behave under stress? Evidence from the Covid-19 crisis," Bank of England working papers 910, Bank of England, revised 18 Jun 2021.
    14. Evangelos Benos & Wenqian Huang & Albert Menkveld & Michalis Vasios, 2019. "The cost of clearing fragmentation," BIS Working Papers 826, Bank for International Settlements.
    15. Nina Boyarchenko & Thomas M. Eisenbach & Pooja Gupta & Or Shachar & Peter Van Tassel, 2018. "Bank-Intermediated Arbitrage," Liberty Street Economics 20181018, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    16. Klingler, Sven & Syrstad, Olav, 2021. "Life after LIBOR," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 783-801.
    17. Puriya Abbassi & Rajkamal Iyer & José-Luis Peydró & Paul E. Soto, 2020. "Stressed banks? Evidence from the largest-ever supervisory review," Economics Working Papers 1721, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    18. Huh, Yesol & Infante, Sebastian, 2021. "Bond market intermediation and the Role of Repo," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
    19. Falter, Alexander, 2019. "Macro to the rescue? An analysis of macroprudential instruments to regulate housing credit," Discussion Papers 25/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    20. Corradin, Stefano & Eisenschmidt, Jens & Hoerova, Marie & Linzert, Tobias & Schepens, Glenn & Sigaux, Jean-David, 2020. "Money markets, central bank balance sheet and regulation," Working Paper Series 2483, European Central Bank.
    21. Mathias Kruttli & Phillip Monin & Sumudu Watugala, 2019. "The Life of the Counterparty: Shock Propagation in Hedge Fund-Prime Broker Credit Networks," Working Papers 19-03, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    22. Vo, Quynh-Anh, 2021. "Interactions of capital and liquidity requirements: a review of the literature," Bank of England working papers 916, Bank of England.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital regulation; leverage ratio; repo market; non-bank financial institutions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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