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Systemic risk in clearing houses: Evidence from the European repo market

Author

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  • Charles Boissel
  • François Derrien
  • Evren Örs
  • David Thesmar

Abstract

How do crises affect Central clearing Counterparties (CCPs)? We focus on CCPs that clear and guarantee a large and safe segment of the repo market during the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. We start by developing a simple framework to infer CCP stress, which can be measured through the sensitivity of repo rates to sovereign CDS spreads. Such sensitivity jointly captures three effects: (1) the effectiveness of the haircut policy, (2) CCP member default risk (conditional on sovereign default) and (3) CCP default risk (conditional on both sovereign and CCP member default). The data show that, during the sovereign debt crisis of 2011, repo rates strongly respond to movements in sovereign risk, in particular for GIIPS countries, indicating significant CCP stress. Our model suggests that repo investors behaved as if the conditional probability of CCP default was very large. JEL Classification: E58, E43, G01, G21

Suggested Citation

  • Charles Boissel & François Derrien & Evren Örs & David Thesmar, 2016. "Systemic risk in clearing houses: Evidence from the European repo market," ESRB Working Paper Series 10, European Systemic Risk Board.
  • Handle: RePEc:srk:srkwps:201610
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ferrari, Massimo & Guagliano, Claudia & Mazzacurati, Julien, 2017. "Collateral scarcity premia in euro area repo markets," ESRB Working Paper Series 55, European Systemic Risk Board.
    2. Corradin, Stefano & Heider, Florian & Hoerova, Marie, 2017. "On collateral: implications for financial stability and monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2107, European Central Bank.
    3. Pérignon, Christophe & Thesmar, David & Vuillemey, Guillaume, 2017. "Wholesale funding dry-ups," ESRB Working Paper Series 49, European Systemic Risk Board.
    4. Ranaldo, Angelo & Wrampelmeyer, Jan, 2016. "Unsecured and Secured Funding," Working Papers on Finance 1616, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    5. Narayan Bulusu & Pierre Guérin, 2018. "What Drives Interbank Loans? Evidence from Canada," Staff Working Papers 18-5, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    repurchase agreement; sovereign debt crisis; LTRO; secured money market lending; clearing houses;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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