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Sharing the Pain? Credit Supply and Real Effects of Bank Bail-ins

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  • Beck, Thorsten
  • Da-Rocha-Lopes, Samuel
  • Silva, Andre

Abstract

We analyze the credit supply and real sector effects of bank bail-ins by exploiting the unexpected failure of a major bank in Portugal and its subsequent resolution. Using a unique dataset of matched firm-bank data on credit exposures and interest rates from the Portuguese credit register, we show that while banks more exposed to the bail-in significantly reduced credit supply after the shock, affected firms were able to compensate this credit contraction with other sources of funding, including new lending relationships. Although there was no loss of external funding, we observe a moderate tightening of credit conditions as well as lower investment and employment at firms more exposed to the intervention, particularly SMEs. We explain the latter real effects by higher precautionary cash holdings due to increased uncertainty.

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  • Beck, Thorsten & Da-Rocha-Lopes, Samuel & Silva, Andre, 2017. "Sharing the Pain? Credit Supply and Real Effects of Bank Bail-ins," CEPR Discussion Papers 12058, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12058
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    1. Olena Havrylchyk & Aref Mahdavi-Ardekani, 2020. "Real effects of lending-based crowdfunding platforms on the SMEs," Post-Print halshs-02994903, HAL.
    2. Joseph, Andreas & Kneer, Christiane & van Horen, Neeltje & Saleheen, Jumana, 2019. "All you need is cash: corporate cash holdings and investment after the financial crisis," Bank of England working papers 843, Bank of England.
    3. Dirk Schoenmaker, 2017. "A macro approach to international bank resolution," Policy Contributions 21231, Bruegel.
    4. Segura, Anatoli & Vicente, Sergio, 2018. "Bank resolution and public backstop in an asymmetric banking union," ESRB Working Paper Series 83, European Systemic Risk Board.
    5. Andre Silva, 2019. "Strategic Liquidity Mismatch and Financial Sector Stability," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-082, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    6. Lorenzo Pandolfi, 2018. "Bail-in vs. Bailout: a False Dilemma?," CSEF Working Papers 499, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    7. Berger, Allen N. & Molyneux, Phil & Wilson, John O.S., 2020. "Banks and the real economy: An assessment of the research," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    8. Souza, Sergio Rubens Stancato de & Silva, Thiago Christiano & Almeida, Carlos Eduardo de, 2019. "Bailing in Banks: costs and benefits," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 45(C).
    9. Paolo Giudici & Laura Parisi, 2019. "Bail-In or Bail-Out? Correlation Networks to Measure the Systemic Implications of Bank Resolution," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(1), pages 1-25, January.
    10. Fernando Alexandre & Hélder Costa & Miguel Portela & Miguel Rodrigues, 2018. "Asymmetric regional dynamics: from bust to recovery," NIPE Working Papers 17/2018, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    11. Diana Bonfim & João A. C. Santos, 2020. "The importance of deposit insurance credibility," Working Papers w202011, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    12. Elizaveta Kamaraeva, 2020. "Bank Complexity and Risk," Russian Journal of Money and Finance, Bank of Russia, vol. 79(3), pages 75-104, September.
    13. Gómez, Esteban & Murcia, Andrés & Lizarazo, Angélica & Mendoza, Juan Carlos, 2020. "Evaluating the impact of macroprudential policies on credit growth in Colombia," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 42(C).
    14. Carla Marques & Ricardo Martinho & Rui Silva, 2020. "Non-performing loans and bank lending: Evidence for Portugal," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bail-ins; bank failures; credit supply; employment; investment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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