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Surviving the perfect storm: the role of the lender of last resort

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  • Carla Soares
  • Diana Bonfim
  • Nuno Alves

Abstract

When banks are hit by a severe liquidity shock, central banks have a key role as lenders of last resort. Despite the well-established importance of this mechanism, there is scarce empirical evidence that allows analyzing this key role of central banks. We are able to explore a unique setting in which banks suddenly lose access to market funding due to contagion fears at the onset of the euro area sovereign debt crisis. Using monthly data at the loan, bank, and firm level, we are able to test the role of the central bank in a scenario of imminent collapse. We find that the liquidity obtained from the central bank played a critical role in avoiding the materialization of such a scenario.

Suggested Citation

  • Carla Soares & Diana Bonfim & Nuno Alves, 2016. "Surviving the perfect storm: the role of the lender of last resort," Working Papers w201617, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201617
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    Cited by:

    1. Leo de Haan & Sarah Holton & Jan Willem van den End, 2021. "The impact of central bank liquidity support on banks’ sovereign exposures," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(15), pages 1788-1806, March.
    2. Albertazzi, Ugo & Barbiero, Francesca & Marqués-Ibáñez, David & Popov, Alexander & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2020. "Monetary policy and bank stability: the analytical toolbox reviewed," Working Paper Series 2377, European Central Bank.
    3. Barbosa, Luciana & Bonfim, Diana & Costa, Sónia & Everett, Mary, 2018. "Cross-border spillovers of monetary policy: What changes during a financial crisis?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 154-174.
    4. Jasova, Martina & Mendicino, Caterina & Supera, Dominik, 2021. "Policy uncertainty, lender of last resort and the real economy," Working Paper Series 2521, European Central Bank.
    5. Ettore Panetti, 2016. "Bank Runs: Theories and Policy Applications," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    6. Delatte, Anne-Laure & Garg, Pranav & Imbs, Jean, 2019. "The transmission channels of unconventional monetary policy: Evidence from a change in collateral requirements in France," CEPR Discussion Papers 13693, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. José Jorge & Joana Rocha, 2020. "Agglomeration and Industry Spillover Effects in the Aftermath of a Credit Shock," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 16(3), pages 1-50, June.
    8. Luisa Carpinelli & Matteo Crosignani, 2017. "The Effect of Central Bank Liquidity Injections on Bank Credit Supply," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-038, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    9. José Jorge & Joana Rocha, 2018. "Agglomeration and Industry Spillover Effects in the Aftermath of a Credit Shock," CEF.UP Working Papers 1801, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    10. Sriya Anbil & Angela Vossmeyer, 2017. "Liquidity from Two Lending Facilities," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-117, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    11. Massimiliano Affinito, 2019. "What do almost 20 years of micro data and two crises say about the relationship between central bank and interbank market liquidity? Evidence from Italy," BIS Working Papers 821, Bank for International Settlements.
    12. Farinha, Luísa & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza & Tsoukas, Serafeim, 2019. "Bank shocks and firm performance: New evidence from the sovereign debt crisis," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 40(C).
    13. Carlo Alcaraz & Stijn Claessens & Gabriel Cuadra & David Marques-Ibanez & Horacio Sapriza, 2018. "Whatever it takes. What's the impact of a major nonconventional monetary policy intervention?," BIS Working Papers 749, Bank for International Settlements.
    14. Anne Kathrin Funk, 2019. "Quantitative easing in the euro area and SMEs' access to finance: Who benefits the most?," IHEID Working Papers 02-2019, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
    15. Anne Kathrin Funk, 2019. "Quantitative Lockerung in der Eurozone und Finanzierungs­bedingungen von KMU: Wer profitiert am meisten?," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 13(1), pages 82-91, March.
    16. Garcia-de-Andoain, Carlos & Heider, Florian & Hoerova, Marie & Manganelli, Simone, 2016. "Lending-of-last-resort is as lending-of-last-resort does: Central bank liquidity provision and interbank market functioning in the euro area," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 32-47.
    17. Beck, Thorsten & Da-Rocha-Lopes, Samuel & Silva, Andre, 2017. "Sharing the Pain? Credit Supply and Real Effects of Bank Bail-ins," CEPR Discussion Papers 12058, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    18. Diana Bonfim & Luísa Farinha & Sónia Félix, 2019. "Credit and the economy: lessons from a decade of research at Banco de Portugal," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    19. Martina Jasova & Caterina Mendicino & Dominik Supera, 2018. "Rollover Risk and Bank Lending Behavior: Evidence from Unconventional Central Bank Liquidity," 2018 Meeting Papers 500, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    20. José Jorge & Joana Rocha, 2018. "Agglomeration and Industry Spillover Effects in the Aftermath of a Credit Shock," GEE Papers 0115, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Nov 2018.
    21. Leo de Haan & Sarah Holton & Jan Willem van den End, 2021. "The impact of central bank liquidity support on banks’ sovereign exposures," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(15), pages 1788-1806, March.
    22. Carla Marques & Ricardo Martinho & Rui Silva, 2020. "Non-performing loans and bank lending: Evidence for Portugal," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    23. Anne Kathrin Funk, 2018. "Quantitative easing in the euro area and SMEs’ access to finance: Who benefits the most?," KOF Working papers 18-447, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    24. Bednarek, Peter & Dinger, Valeriya & te Kaat, Daniel Marcel & von Westernhagen, Natalja, 2020. "Central bank funding and credit risk-taking," Discussion Papers 36/2020, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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