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The impact of central bank liquidity support on banks’ sovereign exposures

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  • Leo de Haan
  • Sarah Holton
  • Jan Willem van den End

Abstract

We empirically analyse the relationship between longer term central bank liquidity support and banks’ exposures to governments, using difference-in-differences panel regressions and propensity score matching on a large sample of banks in the euro area. The research question is whether the liquidity operations, which were introduced to prevent disorderly deleveraging, can also be linked to unintended changes in banks’ asset allocations, in particular to carry trades in government bonds. The results show that unconditional and conditional refinancing operations have a different effect on banks’ government exposures. Unconditional longer-term refinancing operations went together with more carry trades in stressed countries, i.e. banks borrowing more while increasing their holdings of government bonds. In contrast, refinancing operations that were conditional on banks’ lending were not associated with such carry trades, highlighting the benefits of conditionality attached to long-term refinancing operations.

Suggested Citation

  • Leo de Haan & Sarah Holton & Jan Willem van den End, 2021. "The impact of central bank liquidity support on banks’ sovereign exposures," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(15), pages 1788-1806, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:53:y:2021:i:15:p:1788-1806
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2020.1853667
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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