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Stabilising virtues of central banks: (re)matching bank liquidity

Author

Listed:
  • V. Legroux
  • I. Rahmouni-Rousseau
  • U. Szczerbowicz
  • N. Valla

Abstract

The liquidity of financial system plays a central role in systemic crises. In this paper, we show that the ECB haircut policies provided an important liquidity support to distressed financial institutions during the euro area sovereign debt turmoil. Using novel, micro data on the pool of collateral eligible to ECB open market operations, we construct a “public” liquidity mismatch indicator (LMI) for the French aggregate banking sector based on the ECB haircuts. We then compare it to the “private” LMI based on the haircuts in private repo markets in a spirit of Bai et al. (2018). The difference between the two indicators represents a new measure of the ECB liquidity support. Our results suggest that the ECB haircut policies have indeed helped French banks to reduce the liquidity mismatch.

Suggested Citation

  • V. Legroux & I. Rahmouni-Rousseau & U. Szczerbowicz & N. Valla, 2018. "Stabilising virtues of central banks: (re)matching bank liquidity," Working papers 667, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:667
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Yuliy Sannikov, 2014. "A Macroeconomic Model with a Financial Sector," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(2), pages 379-421, February.
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    1. J. Barthélemy & V. Bignon & B. Nguyen, 2018. "Monetary Policy and Collateral Constraints since the European Debt Crisis," Working papers 669, Banque de France.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank liquidity; liquidity mismatch; monetary policy; central bank; haircuts; collateral framework.;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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