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Money markets, central bank balance sheet and regulation

Author

Listed:
  • Corradin, Stefano
  • Eisenschmidt, Jens
  • Hoerova, Marie
  • Linzert, Tobias
  • Schepens, Glenn
  • Sigaux, Jean-David

Abstract

This paper analyses money market developments since 2005, and examines factors that have affected money market functioning. We consider several metrics of activity in both secured and unsecured euro area money markets, and study interactions with new Basel III regulations and with central bank policies (liquidity provision, asset purchases and the Securities Lending Programme). Using aggregate data, we document that, prior to 2015, heightened financial market volatility coincided with worsening money market conditions, while higher central bank liquidity provision was associated with reduced money market stress. After 2015, the evidence is consistent with central bank asset purchases inducing scarcity effects in some money market segments, and with active securities lending supporting money market functioning. Using transactions-level money market data combined with supervisory data, we further document that the leverage ratio regulation impacts money markets at quarter-ends due to “window-dressing” effects, reducing money market volumes and rates. We also consider the macroeconomic impact of changing money market conditions, finding that the impact depends on whether frictions originate in secured or unsecured markets and on central bank policies in place. JEL Classification: E44, E58, G12, G20, G28

Suggested Citation

  • Corradin, Stefano & Eisenschmidt, Jens & Hoerova, Marie & Linzert, Tobias & Schepens, Glenn & Sigaux, Jean-David, 2020. "Money markets, central bank balance sheet and regulation," Working Paper Series 2483, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20202483
    Note: 1103497
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Altavilla, Carlo & Lemke, Wolfgang & Linzert, Tobias & Tapking, Jens & von Landesberger, Julian, 2021. "Assessing the efficacy, efficiency and potential side effects of the ECB’s monetary policy instruments since 2014," Occasional Paper Series 278, European Central Bank.
    2. Cappiello, Lorenzo & Holm-Hadulla, Fédéric & Maddaloni, Angela & Mayordomo, Sergio & Unger, Robert & Arts, Laura & Meme, Nicolas & Asimakopoulos, Ioannis & Migiakis, Petros & Behrens, Caterina & Moura, 2021. "Non-bank financial intermediation in the euro area: implications for monetary policy transmission and key vulnerabilities," Occasional Paper Series 270, European Central Bank.
    3. Luigi Bonatti & Andrea Fracasso & Roberto Tamborini, 2021. "Unconventional Policy Instruments and Transmission Channels:A State-Contingent Toolbox for the ECB," DEM Working Papers 2021/05, Department of Economics and Management.
    4. Laeven, Luc & Maddaloni, Angela & Mendicino, Caterina, 2022. "Monetary policy, macroprudential policy and financial stability," Working Paper Series 2647, European Central Bank.
    5. Christian Bittner & Alexander Rodnyansky & Farzad Saidi & Yannick Timmer, 2021. "Mixing QE and Interest Rate Policies at the Effective Lower Bound: Micro Evidence from the Euro Area," CESifo Working Paper Series 9363, CESifo.
    6. Corradin, Stefano & Hoerova, Marie & Schepens, Glenn, 2021. "Euro area money markets over the past 15 years: changes, driving factors and implications for monetary policy," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 82.
    7. Adam Cap & Mathias Drehmann & Andreas Schrimpf, 2020. "Changes in monetary policy operating procedures over the last decade: insights from a new database," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    asset purchases; leverage ratio; liquidity coverage ratio; money markets; securities lending;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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