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Does liquidity regulation impede the liquidity profile of collateral?

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  • Schmidt, Kirsten

Abstract

We analyze the pledging behavior of Euro area banks during the introduction of the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR). The LCR considers only a subset of central bank eligible assets and thereby offers banks an arbitrage opportunity to improve their regulatory ratio by altering their collateral pledging with the European Central Bank. We use the existence of national liquidity requirements to proxy for banks’ incentives to exploit this differential treatment of central bank eligible assets. Using security-level information on collateral pledged with the central bank, we find that banks without a preceding national liquidity requirement pledge more and less liquid collateral than banks with a preceding national liquidity requirement after the LCR introduction. We attribute the difference across banks to a preparation effect of the liquidity regulation on the national level. JEL Classification: G21, G28, E42, E52, E58

Suggested Citation

  • Schmidt, Kirsten, 2019. "Does liquidity regulation impede the liquidity profile of collateral?," Working Paper Series 2256, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20192256
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    Cited by:

    1. Dotta, Vitor, 2022. "Addressing systemic risk in Europe during Covid-19: The role of regulation and the policy mix," IPE Working Papers 181/2022, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
    2. Roberts, Daniel & Sarkar, Asani & Shachar, Or, 2023. "Liquidity regulations, bank lending and fire-sale risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 156(C).
    3. Corradin, Stefano & Eisenschmidt, Jens & Hoerova, Marie & Linzert, Tobias & Schepens, Glenn & Sigaux, Jean-David, 2020. "Money markets, central bank balance sheet and regulation," Working Paper Series 2483, European Central Bank.
    4. Raffaele Lenzi & Stefano Nobili & Filippo Perazzoli & Rosario Romeo, 2023. "Banks’ liquidity transformation rate: determinants and impact on lending," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 32, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    central bank refinancing operations; liquidity regulation; monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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