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To Ask or Not To Ask? Collateral versus Screening in Lending Relationships

Author

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  • Sudipto Karmakar
  • Artashes Karapetyan
  • Hans Degryse

Abstract

We study the impact of higher capital requirements on banks' decisions to grant collateralized rather than uncollateralized loans. We exploit the 2011 EBA capital exercise, a quasi-natural experiment that required a number of banks to increase their regulatory capital but not others. This experiment makes secured lending more attractive vis-à-vis unsecured lending for the affected banks as secured loans require less regulatory capital. Using a loan-level dataset covering all corporate loans in Portugal, we identify a novel channel of tighter capital requirements: relative to the control group and after the shock, treated banks require loans more often to be collateralized but less so for relationship borrowers. We further nd this impact is stronger for collateral that saves more on regulatory capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Sudipto Karmakar & Artashes Karapetyan & Hans Degryse, 2018. "To Ask or Not To Ask? Collateral versus Screening in Lending Relationships," Working Papers w201819, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201819
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Berger, Allen N. & Espinosa-Vega, Marco A. & Frame, W. Scott & Miller, Nathan H., 2011. "Why do borrowers pledge collateral? New empirical evidence on the role of asymmetric information," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 55-70, January.
    2. Aiyar, Shekhar & Calomiris, Charles W. & Hooley, John & Korniyenko, Yevgeniya & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2014. "The international transmission of bank capital requirements: Evidence from the UK," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(3), pages 368-382.
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    4. Laura Blattner & Luisa Farinha & Francisca Rebelo, 2017. "When Losses Turn Into Loans: The Cost of Undercapitalized Banks," 2017 Papers pbl215, Job Market Papers.
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    7. repec:eee:jfinec:v:127:y:2018:i:1:p:174-196 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Berger, Allen N. & Scott Frame, W. & Ioannidou, Vasso, 2011. "Tests of ex ante versus ex post theories of collateral using private and public information," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 85-97, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anderson, Gareth & Bahaj, Saleem & Chavaz, Matthieu & Foulis, Angus & Pinter, Gabor, 2018. "Lending relationships and the collateral channel," Bank of England working papers 768, Bank of England.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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