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Financial Markets, Banks' Cost of Funding, and Firms' Decisions: Lessons from Two Crises

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  • Pierluigi Balduzzi
  • Emanuele Brancati
  • Fabio Schiantarelli

Abstract

We test whether adverse changes to banks’ market valuations during the financial and sovereign debt crises, and the associated increase in banks’ cost of funding, affected firms’ real decisions. Using new data linking over 3,000 non-financial Italian firms to their bank(s), we find that increases in banks’ CDS spreads, and decreases in their equity valuations, resulted in lower investment, employment, and bank debt for younger and smaller firms. Importantly, these effects dominate those of banks’ balance-sheet variables. We also show that higher CDS spreads led to lower aggregate investment, employment, and a less efficient resource allocation.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierluigi Balduzzi & Emanuele Brancati & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2015. "Financial Markets, Banks' Cost of Funding, and Firms' Decisions: Lessons from Two Crises," CESifo Working Paper Series 5669, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_5669
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial crisis; sovereign debt crisis; credit default swaps; investment; employment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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