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When Credit Dries Up: Job Losses in the Great Recession

Author

Listed:
  • Samuel Bentolila
  • Marcel Jansen
  • Gabriel Jiménez
  • Sonia Ruano

Abstract

We use a unique dataset to estimate the impact of a large credit supply shock on employment in Spain. We exploit marked differences in banks' health at the onset of the Great Recession. Several weak banks were rescued by the State and they reduced credit more than other banks. We compare employment changes from 2006 to 2010 at firms heavily indebted to weak banks before the crisis and the rest. Our estimates imply that these firms suffered an additional employment drop between 3 and 13.5 percentage points due to weak-bank attachment, representing between 8% and 36% of aggregate job losses.

Suggested Citation

  • Samuel Bentolila & Marcel Jansen & Gabriel Jiménez & Sonia Ruano, 2013. "When Credit Dries Up: Job Losses in the Great Recession," Working Papers 2013-20, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2013-20
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Balduzzi, Pierluigi & Brancati, Emanuele & Schiantarelli, Fabio, 2013. "Financial Markets, Banks' Cost of Funding, and Firms' Decisions: Lessons from Two Crises," IZA Discussion Papers 7872, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Federico Cingano & Francesco Manaresi & Enrico Sette, 2016. "Does Credit Crunch Investment Down? New Evidence on the Real Effects of the Bank-Lending Channel," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 29(10), pages 2737-2773.
    3. Bartz, Wiebke & Winkler, Adalbert, 2016. "Flexible or fragile? The growth performance of small and young businesses during the global financial crisis — Evidence from Germany," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 196-215.
    4. López, Jesús Rodríguez & García, Mario Solís, 2016. "Accounting For Spanish Business Cycles," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(03), pages 685-714, April.
    5. te Kaat, Daniel Marcel, 2016. "International Capital Flows and the Allocation of Credit Across Firms," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145584, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Franklin, Jeremy & Rostom, May & Thwaites, Gregory, 2015. "The banks that said no: banking relationships, credit supply and productivity in the UK," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86284, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Franklin, Jeremy & Rostom, May & Thwaites, Gregory, 2015. "The banks that said no: banking relationships, credit supply and productivity in the United Kingdom," Bank of England working papers 557, Bank of England.
    8. Haltenhof, Samuel & Jung Lee, Seung & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2014. "The credit crunch and fall in employment during the Great Recession," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 31-57.
    9. Bacchetta, Philippe & Merrouche, Ouarda, 2015. "Countercyclical Foreign Currency Borrowing: Eurozone Firms in 2007-2009," CEPR Discussion Papers 10927, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. B. Campagne & V. Alhenc-Gelas & J.-B. Bernard, 2015. "No evidence of financial accelerator in France," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2015-07, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
    11. Ayyagari,Meghana & Juarros,Pedro Francisco & Martinez Peria,Maria Soledad & Singh,Sandeep, 2016. "Access to finance and job growth : firm-level evidence across developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7604, The World Bank.
    12. Crinò, Rosario & Ogliari, Laura, 2015. "Financial Frictions, Product Quality, and International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 10555, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Bordo, Michael D. & Duca, John V. & Koch, Christoffer, 2016. "Economic policy uncertainty and the credit channel: Aggregate and bank level U.S. evidence over several decades," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 90-106.
    14. Ignacio Hernando & Ernesto Villanueva, 2014. "The recent slowdown in bank lending in Spain: are supply-side factors relevant?," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 5(2), pages 245-285, August.
    15. N. N., 2015. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, issue 11/2015," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 88(11), November.
    16. Demary, Markus & Hornik, Joanna & Watfe, Gibran, 2016. "SME financing in the EU: Moving beyond one-size-fits-all," IW-Reports 11/2016, Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln (IW) / Cologne Institute for Economic Research.
    17. García-Posada, Miguel & Marchetti, Marcos, 2016. "The bank lending channel of unconventional monetary policy: The impact of the VLTROs on credit supply in Spain," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 427-441.
    18. Ana P. Fernandes & Priscila Ferreira, 2015. "Financing Constraints and Fixed-term Employment Contracts: Evidence from the 2008-2009 Financial Crisis," NIMA Working Papers 58, Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA), Universidade do Minho.
    19. Acharya, Viral V & Eisert, Tim & Eufinger, Christian & Hirsch, Christian, 2014. "Real Effects of the Sovereign Debt Crisis in Europe: Evidence from Syndicated Loans," CEPR Discussion Papers 10108, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    20. Popov, Alexander & Rocholl, Jörg, 2015. "Financing constraints, employment, and labor compensation: evidence from the subprime mortgage crisis," Working Paper Series 1821, European Central Bank.
    21. Rosario Crinò & Laura Ogliari, 2014. "Financial Frictions, Product Quality, and International Trade," Working Papers wp2014_1403, CEMFI.
    22. Jeremy Franklin & May Rostom & Gregory Thwaites, 2015. "The banks that said no: banking relationships, credit supply and productivity in the UK," Discussion Papers 1525, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    23. repec:cte:wbrepe:wb1503 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Martin Falk & Werner Hölzl & Harald Oberhofer, 2015. "The Importance of Firm-Level Data for Empirical Research and Economic Policy Consulting," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 88(11), pages 845-857, November.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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