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Bank Dependence and Financial Constraints on Investment: Evidence from the corporate bond market paralysis in Japan

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  • UCHINO Taisuke

Abstract

This paper investigates the causal relationship between firms' bank dependence and financial constraints by utilizing the 2008 financial crisis and its impact on the Japanese economy as a natural experiment. Since the Japanese banking sector remained healthy while the corporate bond markets were paralyzed, firms that had reduced bank dependence were hit heavily by the shock. I examined whether firms with large holdings of corporate bonds maturing in 2008 were financially constrained, by comparing the changes in their investment expenditures and borrowing conditions with those of bank-dependent firms. The main empirical results show that (1) firms with large holdings of corporate bonds maturing in 2008 did not cut investment expenditures; (2) instead, they observed higher increments in bank loans; and (3) firms that maintained relatively close bank-firm relationships had more access to bank loans with low borrowing costs, but significant differences in investment expenditures were not found. These findings imply that although there is a cost to reducing bank dependence, it is not very high for Japanese listed firms.

Suggested Citation

  • UCHINO Taisuke, 2011. "Bank Dependence and Financial Constraints on Investment: Evidence from the corporate bond market paralysis in Japan," Discussion papers 11073, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:11073
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    File URL: https://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11e073.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Chava, Sudheer & Purnanandam, Amiyatosh, 2011. "The effect of banking crisis on bank-dependent borrowers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 116-135, January.
    9. Osano, Hiroshi & Tsutsui, Yoshiro, 1985. "Implicit Contracts in the Japanese Bank Loan Market," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(02), pages 211-229, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. OGURA Yoshiaki, 2016. "The Objective Function of Government-controlled Banks in a Financial Crisis," Discussion papers 16004, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. TSURUTA Daisuke, 2015. "No Lending Relationships and Liquidity Management of Small Businesses during a Financial Shock," Discussion papers 15051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    3. Nakashima, Kiyotaka & Takahashi, Koji, 2016. "The Real Effects of Bank-Driven Termination of Relationships: Evidence from Loan-level Matched Data," MPRA Paper 70668, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Nakashima, Kiyotaka & Takahashi, Koji, 2016. "Termination of Bank-Firm Relationships," MPRA Paper 70670, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kaoru Hosono & Miho Takizawa & Kenji Uchimoto & Keishi Hachisuka, 2013. "The Funding through Capital Market and Firm Behavior - Decision-making on IPOs, SEOs and Bond Issues and the Post-funding Investments and R&D Activities," Public Policy Review, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan, vol. 9(2), pages 315-364, March.
    6. KIM, Hyonok & WILCOX, James A. & YASUDA, Yukihiro, 2016. "Shocks and Shock Absorbers in Japanese Bonds and Banks During the Global Financial Crisis," Working Paper Series G-1-16, Center for Financial Research, Graduate School of Commerce and Management, Hitotsubashi University.

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