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Do Bond Issues Mitigate Hold-up Costs? Evidence from Japan's financial liberalization period


  • UCHINO Taisuke


This study is an empirical attempt to investigate whether firms' bond issues mitigate rent extraction by their banks. To that end, I focus on the cash holdings of Japanese listed firms in the early 1980s, when Japanese banks used compensation balances as a device to extract rent from their client firms. Concretely, this study examines whether firms' bond issues lead to a decrease in their cash holdings. The unique feature of this study is its exploitation of the eligibility for bond issues—i.e., Bond Issue Criteria—that formerly existed in Japan to address a possible endogeneity problem. Estimation results from the two-step least squares (2SLS) model and an instrumental variable quantile regression model show that (1) a decline in cash holdings is accompanied by bond issues; and (2) the magnitude of decline becomes larger as the quantile of the conditional distribution of cash holding levels increases. These results imply that bond issues mitigate bank rent extraction, and that the effect is larger for firms facing severe bank power.

Suggested Citation

  • UCHINO Taisuke, 2012. "Do Bond Issues Mitigate Hold-up Costs? Evidence from Japan's financial liberalization period," Discussion papers 12046, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:12046

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, January.
    2. Hale, Galina & Santos, João A.C., 2009. "Do banks price their informational monopoly?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 185-206, August.
    3. Vasso Ioannidou & Steven Ongena, 2010. ""Time for a Change": Loan Conditions and Bank Behavior when Firms Switch Banks," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 65(5), pages 1847-1877, October.
    4. UCHINO Taisuke, 2011. "Bank Dependence and Financial Constraints on Investment: Evidence from the corporate bond market paralysis in Japan (Japanese)," Discussion Papers (Japanese) 11071, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
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    JEL classification:

    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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