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Relationship lending, hierarchical distance and credit tightening: Evidence from the financial crisis

Author

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  • Cotugno, Matteo
  • Monferrà, Stefano
  • Sampagnaro, Gabriele

Abstract

This paper examines the firms’ credit availability during the 2007–2009 financial crisis using a dataset of 5331 bank–firm relationships provided by borrowers’ credit folders of three Italian banks. It aims to test whether a strong lender–borrower relationship can produce less credit rationing for borrowing firms even during a credit crunch period. The results show that exclusivity of the relationship can mitigate the firm credit rationing. We also verify the influence of lending organizational structure during crisis. A new measure of distance in lending technologies has been introduced: the hierarchical distance calculated as the distance between the branch that originates the loan and the location of the hierarchical level responsible for financing decision. Our findings document a negative impact of distance on credit availability, consistent with the idea that proximity facilitates the transmission of soft information.

Suggested Citation

  • Cotugno, Matteo & Monferrà, Stefano & Sampagnaro, Gabriele, 2013. "Relationship lending, hierarchical distance and credit tightening: Evidence from the financial crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1372-1385.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:5:p:1372-1385
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.07.026
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sääskilahti, Jaakko, 2016. "Local bank competition and small business lending after the onset of the financial crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 37-51.
    2. Whitledge, Matthew D. & Winters, Drew B., 2015. "The price of liquidity: CD rates charged by money market funds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 104-114.
    3. Marko Petrovic & Andrea Teglio & Simone Alfarano, 2016. "The role of bank credit allocation: Evidence from the Spanish economy," Working Papers 2016/17, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    4. Andrea Bellucci & Alexander Borisov & Alberto Zazzaro, 2016. "Bank Organization and Loan Contracting in Small Business Financing," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 118, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    5. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:532-543 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Ho, Keng-Yu & Weng, Pei-Shih, 2013. "IPO underwriting and subsequent lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5208-5219.
    7. Stefano Filomeni & Gregory F. Udell & Alberto Zazzaro, 2016. "Hardening Soft Information: How Far Has Technology Taken Us?," CSEF Working Papers 455, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    8. Mª Pilar García-Alcober & Manuel Illueca & Diego Prior & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2016. "Risk-taking behavior, earnings quality, and performance in Spanish banking: A profit frontier approach," Working Papers 2016/19, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    9. TSURUTA Daisuke, 2015. "No Lending Relationships and Liquidity Management of Small Businesses during a Financial Shock," Discussion papers 15051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    10. Bonini, Stefano & Dell'Acqua, Alberto & Fungo, Matteo & Kysucky, Vlado, 2016. "Credit market concentration, relationship lending and the cost of debt," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 172-179.
    11. Cenni, Stefano & Monferrà, Stefano & Salotti, Valentina & Sangiorgi, Marco & Torluccio, Giuseppe, 2015. "Credit rationing and relationship lending. Does firm size matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 249-265.
    12. Catherine Refait-Alexandre & Stéphanie Serve, 2015. "« Multiple banking relationships: do SMEs mistrust their banks? »," Post-Print hal-01450968, HAL.
    13. Tsuruta, Daisuke, 2016. "No lending relationships and liquidity management of small businesses during a financial shock," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 31-46.
    14. Temesvary, Judit, 2015. "Foreign activities of U.S. banks since 1997: The roles of regulations and market conditions in crises and normal times," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 202-222.
    15. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:3:p:527-554 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Filippo De Marco, 2017. "Bank Lending and the European Sovereign Debt Crisis," Working Papers 213, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    17. Temesvary, Judit, 2014. "The determinants of U.S. banks’ international activities," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 233-247.
    18. Juha-Pekka Niinimäki, 2015. "Asymmetric Information, Bank Lending and Implicit Contracts: Differences between Banks," Czech Economic Review, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 9(2), pages 074-090, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distance; Soft information; Lending relationships; Financial crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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