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The Effect of Unconventional Monetary Policy on Cross‐Border Bank Loans: Evidence from an Emerging Market

Author

Listed:
  • Koray Alper

    (Government of the Republic of Turkey - Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Fatih Altunok

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Tanju Çapacıoğlu

    (Central Bank of Turkey)

  • Steven Ongena

    (University of Zurich - Department of Banking and Finance; Swiss Finance Institute; KU Leuven; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR))

Abstract

We analyze the impact of quantitative easing by the Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and Bank of England on cross‐border credit flows. Relying on comprehensive loan‐level data, we find that Fed QE strongly boosts cross‐border credit granted to Turkish banks by banks located in the US, Euro Area and UK, while ECB and BoE QEs work only moderately through banks in the EA and UK, respectively. In general QE works at short maturities across bank locations and loan currencies, more strongly for weaker lenders and borrowers, and may have resulted in maturity mismatches in Turkish banks searching for yield.

Suggested Citation

  • Koray Alper & Fatih Altunok & Tanju Çapacıoğlu & Steven Ongena, 2019. "The Effect of Unconventional Monetary Policy on Cross‐Border Bank Loans: Evidence from an Emerging Market," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 19-38, Swiss Finance Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:chf:rpseri:rp1938
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    Cited by:

    1. Takáts, Előd & Temesvary, Judit, 2020. "The currency dimension of the bank lending channel in international monetary transmission," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(C).
    2. Elöd Takáts & Judit Temesvary, 2019. "Can Macroprudential Measures Make Cross-Border Lending More Resilient? Lessons from the Taper Tantrum," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 15(1), pages 61-105, March.
    3. Temesvary, Judit & Ongena, Steven & Owen, Ann L., 2018. "A global lending channel unplugged? Does U.S. monetary policy affect cross-border and affiliate lending by global U.S. banks?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 50-69.
    4. Előd Takáts & Judit Temesvary, 2019. "How does the interaction of macroprudential and monetary policies affect cross-border bank lending?," BIS Working Papers 782, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Előd Takáts & Judit Temesvary, 2017. "Can macroprudential measures make cross-border lending more resilient?," BIS Working Papers 683, Bank for International Settlements.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank lending channel; bank borrowing channel; monetary transmission; quantitative easing (QE); cross‐border bank loans; micro‐level data; capital requirements; financial de‐globalization;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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