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The External Wealth of Nations Revisited: International Financial Integration in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

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  • Philip R. Lane

    () (Central Bank of Ireland
    Trinity College Dublin
    London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research)

  • Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti

    () (London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research
    International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

Abstract This paper documents the evolution of international financial integration since the global financial crisis using an updated dataset on external assets and liabilities, covering 212 economies for the period 1970–2015. It finds that the growth in cross-border positions in relation to world GDP has come to a halt. This reflects much weaker capital flows to and from advanced economies, with diminished cross-border banking activity, and an increase in the weight of emerging economies in global GDP, as these economies have lower external assets and liabilities than advanced economies. Cross-border FDI positions have continued to expand, unlike positions in portfolio instruments and other investment. This expansion reflects primarily positions vis-à-vis financial centers, suggesting that the complexity of the corporate structure of large multinational corporations is playing an important role. The paper also explores the cross-country drivers of foreign ownership of domestic debt securities, highlighting in particular the role of the euro debt crisis in explaining its evolution.

Suggested Citation

  • Philip R. Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2018. "The External Wealth of Nations Revisited: International Financial Integration in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 66(1), pages 189-222, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:66:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1057_s41308-017-0048-y
    DOI: 10.1057/s41308-017-0048-y
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:cpr:ceprdp:14096 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Charles W. Calomiris & Sophia Chen, 2018. "The Spread of Deposit Insurance and the Global Rise in Bank Asset Risk since the 1970s," Working Papers id:12909, eSocialSciences.
    3. Filiz Mızrak & Serhat Yüksel, 2019. "Significant Determiners of Greek Debt Crisis: A Comparative Analysis with Probit and MARS Approaches," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 8(3), pages 33-50, July.
    4. Fischer, Christoph, 2019. "Equilibrium real exchange rate estimates across time and space," Discussion Papers 14/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Yin-Wong Cheung & Sven Steinkamp & Frank Westermann, 2019. "A Tale of Two Surplus Countries: China and Germany," IEER Working Papers 114, Institute of Empirical Economic Research, Osnabrueck University.
    6. Valerio Della Corte & Stefano Federico & Enrico Tosti, 2018. "Unwinding external stock imbalances? The case of Italy’s net international investment position," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 446, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    7. Halkos, George E. & Tsirivis, Apostolos S., 2019. "Effective energy commodity risk management: Econometric modeling of price volatility," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 234-250.
    8. Daryna Grechyna, 2019. "Current Account and International Networks," ThE Papers 19/08, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
    9. Huizinga, Harry & Todtenhaupt, Maximilian & Voget, Johannes & Wagner, W.B., 2019. "Taxation and the External Wealth of Nations : Evidence from Bilateral Portfolio Holdings," Discussion Paper 2019-029, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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