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Credit Supply, Firms, and Earnings Inequality

Author

Listed:
  • Christian Moser

    (Columbia University, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, and CEPR)

  • Farzad Saidi

    (University of Bonn and CEPR)

  • Benjamin Wirth

    (Bavarian State Office for Statistics)

  • Stefanie Wolter

    (Institute for Employment Research (IAB))

Abstract

We study the distributional consequences of monetary policy-induced credit supply in the labor market. To this end, we construct a novel dataset that links worker employment histories to firm financials and banking relationships in Germany. Firms in relationships with banks that are more exposed to the introduction of negative interest rates in 2014 experience a relative contraction in credit supply, associated with lower average wages and employment. These effects are heterogeneous within and between firms. Within firms, initially lower-paid workers are more likely to leave employment, while initially higher-paid workers see a relative decline in wages. Between firms, wages fall by more at initially higher-paying employers. In this way, credit affects the distribution of pay and employment in line with predictions of an equilibrium model with both credit and search frictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Moser & Farzad Saidi & Benjamin Wirth & Stefanie Wolter, 2021. "Credit Supply, Firms, and Earnings Inequality," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 086, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:ajk:ajkdps:086
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    1. Nittai K. Bergman & David Matsa & Michael Weber & Michael Weber, 2022. "Inclusive Monetary Policy: How Tight Labor Markets Facilitate Broad-Based Employment Growth," CESifo Working Paper Series 9512, CESifo.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wages; Employment; Worker and Firm Heterogeneity; Monetary Policy; Negative Interest Rates;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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