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Inflation Dynamics During the Financial Crisis

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  • Simon Gilchrist
  • Raphael Schoenle
  • Jae Sim
  • Egon Zakrajšek

Abstract

Using a novel dataset, which merges good-level prices underlying the PPI with the respondents’ balance sheets, we show that liquidity constrained firms increased prices in 2008, while their unconstrained counterparts cut prices. We develop a model in which firms face financial frictions while setting prices in customer markets. Financial distortions create an incentive for firms to raise prices in response to adverse financial or demand shocks. This reaction reflects the firms’ decisions to preserve internal liquidity and avoid accessing external finance, factors that strengthen the countercyclical behavior of markups and attenuate the response of inflation to fluctuations in output.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Gilchrist & Raphael Schoenle & Jae Sim & Egon Zakrajšek, 2016. "Inflation Dynamics During the Financial Crisis," NBER Working Papers 22827, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22827
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    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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