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Price-cost mark-ups in the Spanish economy: a microeconomic perspective

Author

Listed:
  • José Manuel Montero

    () (Banco de España)

  • Alberto Urtasun

    () (Banco de España)

Abstract

This paper explores the dynamics of price-cost mark-ups using firm-level data, paying particular attention to the crisis period 2008-2011. To this end, we apply the econometric framework developed by Klette (1999) to a comprehensive sample of Spanish non-financial corporations in order to estimate price-cost mark-ups for the period 1995-2011 at the aggregate and sectoral levels. The results reveal a widespread pattern of increasing pricecost mark-ups since 2008, both by industry and firm size. Moreover, with the aim of interpreting the pattern identified in our findings, we also relate the changes in our industrylevel estimates of price-cost margins between 2007 and 2011 to some relevant industry characteristics suggested by the literature, with an emphasis on the extent of market power and of financial pressure. We find a positive and statistically significant association between the growth rate of estimated mark-ups and both our direct measure of market power and our proxy of financial pressure

Suggested Citation

  • José Manuel Montero & Alberto Urtasun, 2014. "Price-cost mark-ups in the Spanish economy: a microeconomic perspective," Working Papers 1407, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
  • Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:1407
    as

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    File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/14/Fich/dt1407e.pdf
    File Function: First version, May 2014
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Simon Gilchrist & Raphael Schoenle & Jae Sim & Egon Zakrajšek, 2017. "Inflation Dynamics during the Financial Crisis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(3), pages 785-823, March.
    2. Federico Etro & Andrea Colciago, 2010. "Endogenous Market Structures and the Business Cycle," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(549), pages 1201-1233, December.
    3. Sabien Dobbelaere & Jacques Mairesse, 2013. "Panel data estimates of the production function and product and labor market imperfections," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(1), pages 1-46, January.
    4. Cassiman, Bruno & Vanormelingen, Stijn, 2013. "Profiting From Innovation: Firm Level Evidence on Markups," IESE Research Papers D/1079, IESE Business School.
    5. Siotis, Georges, 2003. "Competitive pressure and economic integration: an illustration for Spain, 1983-1996," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 21(10), pages 1435-1459, December.
    6. José C. Fariñas & Elena Huergo, 2003. "Profit Margins, Adjustment Costs and the Business Cycle: An Application to Spanish Manufacturing Firms," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(1), pages 49-72, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Simon Gilchrist & Raphael Schoenle & Jae Sim & Egon Zakrajšek, 2017. "Inflation Dynamics during the Financial Crisis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(3), pages 785-823, March.
    2. Boeri, Tito & Jimeno, Juan Francisco, 2015. "The unbearable divergence of unemployment in Europe," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 65001, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Rafael Doménech & Juan Ramón García & Camilo Ulloa, 2016. "The effects of wage flexibility on activity and employment in the Spanish economy," Working Papers 16/17, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    4. Andrés, Javier & Arce, Óscar & Thomas, Carlos, 2017. "Structural reforms in a debt overhang," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 15-34.
    5. Nuguer, Victoria & González Gómez, Andrés & Finkelstein-Shapiro, Alan & Roldán-Peña, Jessica, 2018. "Price Dynamics and the Financing Structure of Firms in Emerging Economies," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9061, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Óscar Arce & Samuel Hurtado & Carlos Thomas, 2016. "Policy Spillovers and Synergies in a Monetary Union," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 12(3), pages 219-277, September.
    7. Mustafa Utku Ozmen, 2016. "In Pursuit of Understanding Markups in Restaurant Services Prices," Working Papers 1602, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    8. Ioana A. Duca & José M. Montero & Marianna Riggi & Roberta Zizza, 2017. "I will survive. Pricing strategies of financially distressed firms," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1106, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. jae sim & Raphael Schoenle & Egon Zakrajsek & Simon Gilchrist, 2015. "Financial Heterogeneity and Monetary Union," 2015 Meeting Papers 1327, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Javier Andrés & Óscar Arce & Samuel Hurtado & Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, 2020. "Deciphering the macroeconomic effects of internal devaluations in a monetary union," Working Papers 2016, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    11. José Manuel Montero, 2017. "Pricing decisions under financial frictions: evidence from the wdn survey," Working Papers 1724, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    12. Julio López G & Ana Sofía Malagamba-Morán, 2017. "The Wage-Share in an Open Economy. Discussing Mexico's Experience," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(4), pages 833-858, November.
    13. Cristina Fernández & Aitor Lacuesta & José Manuel Montero & Alberto Urtasun, 2015. "Heterogeneity of markups at the firm level and changes during the great recession: the case of spain," Working Papers 1536, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    14. Juan Carlos Berganza & Pedro del Río & Fructuoso Borrallo, 2016. "Determinants and implications of low global inflation rates," Occasional Papers 1608, Banco de España;Occasional Papers Homepage.
    15. Doménech, Rafael & García, Juan Ramón & Ulloa, Camilo, 2018. "The effects of wage flexibility on activity and employment in Spain," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1200-1220.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    mark-ups; returns to scale; production function; market power; financial pressure; GMM estimator; rolling regression;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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