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Inflation dynamics during the financial crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Simon Gilchrist
  • Raphael Schoenle
  • Jae W. Sim
  • Egon Zakrajsek

Abstract

Firms with limited internal liquidity significantly increased prices in 2008, while their liquidity unconstrained counterparts slashed prices. Differences in the firms' price-setting behavior were concentrated in sectors likely characterized by customer markets. The authors develop a model in which firms face financial frictions while setting prices in a customer-markets setting. Financial distortions create an incentive for firms to raise prices in response to adverse demand or financial shocks. These results reflect the firms' reaction to preserve internal liquidity and avoid accessing external finance, factors that strengthen the countercyclical behavior of markups and attenuate the response of inflation to fluctuations in output.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Gilchrist & Raphael Schoenle & Jae W. Sim & Egon Zakrajsek, 2015. "Inflation dynamics during the financial crisis," FRB Atlanta CQER Working Paper 2015-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, revised 01 Nov 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedacq:15-04
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ernesto Pasten & Raphael S. Schoenle & Michael Weber & Michael Weber, 2018. "The Propagation of Monetary Policy Shocks in a Heterogeneous Production Economy," CESifo Working Paper Series 7376, CESifo.
    2. de Ridder, Maarten, 2016. "Investment in productivity and the long-run effect of financial crises on output," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86180, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Carlo Altavilla & Fabio Canova & Matteo Ciccarelli, 2016. "Mending the broken link: heterogeneous bank lending and monetary policy pass-through," Working Papers No 9/2016, Centre for Applied Macro- and Petroleum economics (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School.
    4. Antoun de Almeida, Luiza, 2015. "Firms’ balance sheets and sectoral inflation in the euro area during the financial crisis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 31-33.
    5. Jaimovich, Nir & Rebelo, Sergio & Wong, Arlene, 2019. "Trading down and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 96-121.
    6. Tristani, Oreste & De Fiore, Fiorella, 2019. "(Un)conventional policy and the effective lower bound," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 1-1.
    7. Kudlyak, Marianna & Sánchez, Juan M., 2017. "Revisiting the behavior of small and large firms during the 2008 financial crisis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 48-69.
    8. Chiara Fratto & Harald Uhlig, 2020. "Accounting for Post-Crisis Inflation: A Retro Analysis," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 35, pages 133-153, January.
    9. Tito Boeri & Juan F. Jimeno, 2015. "The unbearable divergence of unemployment in europe," Working Papers 1534, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    10. Comunale, Mariarosaria & Simola, Heli, 2018. "The pass-through to consumer prices in CIS economies: The role of exchange rates, commodities and other common factors," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 186-217.
    11. Dunne, Peter & Everett, Mary & Stuart, Rebecca, 2015. "The Expanded Asset Purchase Programme – What, Why and How of Euro Area QE," Quarterly Bulletin Articles, Central Bank of Ireland, pages 61-71, July.
    12. Lindé, J. & Smets, F. & Wouters, R., 2016. "Challenges for Central Banks’ Macro Models," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & Harald Uhlig (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 0, pages 2185-2262, Elsevier.
    13. Sebastiaan Pool, 2016. "Credit Defaults, Bank Lending and the Real Economy," DNB Working Papers 518, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sticky customer base; missing deflation; financial shocks; inflation-output tradeoff; costly external finance; cost channel;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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