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Inflation in the Great Recession and New Keynesian Models

Author

Listed:
  • Marc Giannoni

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

  • Frank Schorfheide

    (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Marco Del Negro

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

Abstract

It has been argued that existing DSGE models cannot properly account for the evolution of key macroeconomic variables during and following the recent great recession, and that models in which inflation depends on economic slack cannot explain the recent muted behavior of inflation, given the sharp drop in output that occurred in 2008-09. In this paper, we use a standard DSGE model available prior to the recent crisis and estimated with data up to 2008:Q3 to explain the behavior of key macroeconomic variables since the crisis. We show that as soon as the financial stress jumped in the fourth quarter of 2008, the model successfully predicts a sharp contraction in economic activity along with a modest and more protracted decline in inflation. The model does so even though inflation remains very dependent on the evolution of economic activity and of monetary policy. We conclude that while the model considered does not capture all short-term fluctuations in key macroeconomic variables, it has proven to be surprisingly accurate during the recent crisis and the subsequent recovery.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Giannoni & Frank Schorfheide & Marco Del Negro, 2014. "Inflation in the Great Recession and New Keynesian Models," 2014 Meeting Papers 506, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed014:506
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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