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The unbearable divergence of unemployment in Europe

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  • Boeri, Tito
  • Jimeno, Juan Francisco

Abstract

Unemployment in Europe is not only “too high”, it is also too different across countries that belong to a monetary union. In this paper we i) document this increasing heterogeneity, ii) try to explain it and iii) draw from our diagnosis indications as to the appropriate set of policies to reduce unemployment and labour market disparities. Our analysis suggests that the divergence in labour market outcomes across Europe is the by-product of interactions between, on the one hand, shocks of varying size and nature, and, on the other hand, country-specific labour market institutions. We argue that EU policy coordination and conditionality during the Great Recession and the euro area debt crisis did not properly take into account these interactions. We also propose a change in the European policy approach for fighting unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Boeri, Tito & Jimeno, Juan Francisco, 2015. "The unbearable divergence of unemployment in Europe," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 65001, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:65001
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    File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/65001/
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    Cited by:

    1. Fernando Martins & Mario Izquierdo & Theodora Kosma & Ana Lamo & Simon Savsek, 2018. "Did recent reforms facilitate EU labour market adjustment? Firm level evidence," Working Papers w201807, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    2. Ionut Jianu, 2020. "The Relationship between the Economic and Financial Crises and Unemployment Rate in the European Union -- How Institutions Affected Their Linkage," Papers 2007.12007, arXiv.org.
    3. Masuch, Klaus & Anderton, Robert & Setzer, Ralph & Benalal, Nicholai, 2018. "Structural policies in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 210, European Central Bank.
    4. Boeri, Tito & Jimeno, Juan F., 2016. "Learning from the Great Divergence in unemployment in Europe during the crisis," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 32-46.
    5. Mayes, David G. & Paloviita, Maritta & Virén, Matti, 2016. "EMU and the Anchoring of Inflation Expectations," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 69(4), pages 341-364.
    6. Jianu, Ionuț, 2018. "The Impact of Economic and Financial Crises on Unemployment Rate in European Union," EconStor Conference Papers 194294, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    7. Arno Hantzsche & Simon Savsek & Sebastian Weber, 2018. "Labour Market Adjustments to Financing Conditions under Sectoral Rigidities in the Euro Area," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 769-794, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Okun’s Law; institutions; financial shocks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining

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