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Optimal Unemployment Insurance and International Risk Sharing

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  • Stähler, Nikolai
  • Moyen, Stephane
  • Winkler, Fabian

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss how cross-country unemployment insurance can be used to improve international risk sharing. We use a two-country business cycle model ugmented by a search labour market and incomplete financial markets and let the unemployment insurance scheme operate across both countries. We find that cross-country insurance through the unemployment insurance system can in principle be achieved without distorting national labour markets, and that international risk-sharing introduces a countercyclical element to the unemployment insurance tradeoff. When we calibrate our model to the Euro area, the optimal supranational policy makes replacement rates countercyclical, while they would be procyclical in the absence of cross-country transfers. Recent Eurozone policy proposals, by contrast, seem to have only limited effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Stähler, Nikolai & Moyen, Stephane & Winkler, Fabian, 2016. "Optimal Unemployment Insurance and International Risk Sharing," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145612, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc16:145612
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    1. Optimal Unemployment Insurance and International Risk Sharing
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2016-08-02 19:30:20

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    1. Mathias Dolls & Clemens Fuest & Dirk Neumann & Andreas Peichl, 2018. "An unemployment insurance scheme for the euro area? A comparison of different alternatives using microdata," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 25(1), pages 273-309, February.
    2. Marius Clemens & Guillaume Claveres, 2017. "Unemployment Insurance Union," 2017 Meeting Papers 1340, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Zouri, Stéphane, 2021. "New evidence on international risk-sharing in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 121-139.
    4. Niklas Gadatsch & Josef Hollmayr & Nikolai Stähler, 2019. "Thoughts on a Fiscal Union in EMU," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 20(4), pages 360-384, November.
    5. Bielecki, Marcin & Stähler, Nikolai, 2022. "Labor Tax Reductions In Europe: The Role Of Property Taxation," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(2), pages 419-451, March.
    6. Ábrahám, Árpád & Brogueira de Sousa, João & Marimon, Ramon & Mayr, Lukas, 2023. "On the design of a European Unemployment Insurance System," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 156(C).
    7. Stähler, Nikolai, 2019. "Who benefits from using property taxes to finance a labor tax wedge reduction?," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C).
    8. Ruppert, Kilian & Stähler, Nikolai, 2020. "Household savings, capital investments and public policies: What drives the German current account?," Discussion Papers 41/2020, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    9. Kuester, Keith & Jung, Philip & Ignaszak, Marek, 2020. "Federal unemployment reinsurance and local labor-market policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 15465, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Verstegen, Loes, 2017. "On fiscal and monetary integration in Europe," Other publications TiSEM 49f73a6c-d32d-4dff-b5ec-4, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    11. Zeno Enders & David A. Vespermann, 2021. "Cross-Country Unemployment Insurance, Transfers, and Trade-Offs in International Risk Sharing," CESifo Working Paper Series 8965, CESifo.
    12. Kaufmann, Christoph & Attinasi, Maria Grazia & Hauptmeier, Sebastian, 2023. "Macroeconomic stabilisation properties of a euro area unemployment insurance scheme," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 153(C).
    13. Koester, Gerrit & Sondermann, David, 2018. "A euro area macroeconomic stabilisation function: assessing options in view of their redistribution and stabilisation properties," Occasional Paper Series 216, European Central Bank.
    14. Guilherme Bandeira & Evi Pappa & Rana Sajedi & Eugenia Vella, 2018. "Fiscal Consolidation in a Low-Inflation Environment: Pay Cuts versus Lost Jobs," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 14(3), pages 7-52, June.
    15. Matthaei, Stephan & Stähler, Nikolai, 2016. "Macroeconomic implications of the German financial equalization system," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145695, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    16. Robert Fenge & Max Friese, 2022. "Should unemployment insurance be centralized in a state union? Unearthing a principle of efficient federation building," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 124(2), pages 363-395, April.
    17. Árpád Ábrahám & João Brogueira de Sousa & Ramon Marimon & Lukas Mayr, 2022. "On the design of a european unemployment insurance system," Economics Working Papers 1826, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    18. Ruppert, Kilian & Schön, Matthias & Stähler, Nikolai, 2024. "Consumption taxation to finance pension payments," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    19. Ruppert, Kilian & Stähler, Nikolai, 2022. "What drives the German current account? Household savings, capital investments and public policies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    20. Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Camille Jehle & Yann Perdereau & Roger Vicquéry, 2022. "European unemployment insurance and macroeconomic stabilisation: are permanent fiscal transfers between States needed? [La stabilisation macroéconomique par une assurance chômage européenne impliqu," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 240.
    21. Maria-Grazia Attinasi & Doris Prammer & Nikolai Stähler & Martino Tasso & Stefan van Parys, 2019. "Budget-Neutral Labor Tax Wedge Reductions: A Sumulation-Based Analysis for the Euro Area," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 15(4), pages 1-54, October.

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    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy; Modern Monetary Theory

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