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Debt, Liquidity Constraints, and Corporate Investment: Evidence from Panel Data


  • Whited, Toni M


This paper presents evidence supporting the theory that problems of asymmetric information in debt markets affect financially unhealthy firms' ability to obtain outside finance and, consequently, their allocation of real investment expenditure over time. The author tests this hypothesis by estimating the Euler equation of an optimizing model of investment. Including the effect of a debt constraint greatly improves the Euler equation's performance in comparison to the standard specification. When the sample is split on the basis of two measures of financial distress, the standard Euler equation fits well for the a priori unconstrained.groups, but is rejected for the others. Copyright 1992 by American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Whited, Toni M, 1992. " Debt, Liquidity Constraints, and Corporate Investment: Evidence from Panel Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(4), pages 1425-1460, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:47:y:1992:i:4:p:1425-60

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    References listed on IDEAS

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