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Politischer Handlungsspielraum zur optimalen Nutzung der Vorteile der Digitalisierung für Wirtschaftswachstum, Beschäftigung und Wohlstand

Author

Listed:
  • Julia Bock-Schappelwein
  • Michael Böheim

    (WIFO)

  • Elisabeth Christen
  • Stefan Ederer
  • Matthias Firgo
  • Klaus S. Friesenbichler
  • Werner Hölzl
  • Mathias Kirchner

    (WIFO)

  • Angela Köppl
  • Agnes Kügler
  • Christine Mayrhuber

    (WIFO)

  • Philipp Piribauer

    (WIFO)

  • Margit Schratzenstaller

Abstract

Digitale Technologien stellen bestehende Marktmechanismen, wirtschaftspolitische Instrumente, Strukturen sowie ökonomische und soziale Interaktionen grundlegend in Frage. Während auf traditionellen Märkten den Preisen von Gütern und Dienstleistungen die zentrale Allokationsfunktion zukommt, wird der Konnex zwischen Preis und Wert in der datengetriebenen Ökonomie weitgehend aufgelöst. Die Ursache dafür liegt in der spezifischen Kostenstruktur, die durch hohe Fixkosten bei gleichzeitig äußert niedrigen Grenzkosten (nahe Null) gekennzeichnet ist. Diese Kostenstruktur begünstigt die monetär (fast) kostenlose Skalierung digitaler Produkte und Dienstleistungen auf "Plattformmärkten". In der digitalen Ökonomie bildet die Verfügungsmacht über Daten den entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktor. Im Extremfall entstehen daraus (natürliche) Monopole. Auf der Grundlage von sechs Themenfeldanalysen (Makroökonomie, Öffentlicher Sektor, Wettbewerb, Raum, Soziale Sicherheit, Umwelt und Energie) werden die Erkenntnisse zu drei Metahypothesen verdichtet, die den Handlungsspielraum zur optimalen Nutzung der Vorteile der Digitalisierung für Wirtschaftswachstum, Beschäftigung und Wohlstand abstecken: 1. Die "neue" Ökonomie ist eine Ökonomie digitaler Daten ("Digitalismus"). 2. Vorhandene Strukturen brechen auf ("Strukturbruch"). 3. Neue Strukturen manifestieren sich in Extremen ("Polarisierung").

Suggested Citation

  • Julia Bock-Schappelwein & Michael Böheim & Elisabeth Christen & Stefan Ederer & Matthias Firgo & Klaus S. Friesenbichler & Werner Hölzl & Mathias Kirchner & Angela Köppl & Agnes Kügler & Christine May, 2018. "Politischer Handlungsspielraum zur optimalen Nutzung der Vorteile der Digitalisierung für Wirtschaftswachstum, Beschäftigung und Wohlstand," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61256.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:61256
    Note: With English abstract.
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    6. Michael Peneder & Matthias Firgo & Gerhard Streicher, 2019. "Stand der Digitalisierung in Österreich," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61654, September.

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