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Wettbewerbs- und regulierungspolitische Herausforderungen der Digitalisierung. Auf dem Weg zu einer "Sozialen Marktwirtschaft 4.0"

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Böheim

    (WIFO)

  • Werner Hölzl
  • Agnes Kügler

Abstract

Die Digitalisierung verändert und schafft neue Märkte. Im Vergleich zu traditionellen Märkten zeichnen sich digitale Märkte durch einen höheren Grad an Transparenz und Produktdifferenzierung aus. Durch eine Reduktion von Transaktions- und Suchkosten und über höhere Transparenz und eine stärkere Marktselektion werden Oligopolisierung und Monopolisierungstendenzen begünstigt. Insbesondere in Plattformmärkten konnten sich aufgrund von Skalen- und Netzwerkeffekten marktbeherrschende Unternehmen etablieren. Die nachhaltige Absicherung der sozialen Marktwirtschaft bei gleichzeitiger Nutzung der Chancen der Digitalisierung bedarf einer kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit den Triebkräften des digitalen Kapitalismus. Der Schlüssel dafür liegt in einer Rückbesinnung auf den "Markenkern" der sozialen Marktwirtschaft und damit einhergehend auf die Entwicklung einer entsprechend den digitalen Herausforderungen rekalibrierten Wettbewerbs- und Regulierungspolitik. Ziel muss es sein, die Bestreitbarkeit der digitalen Märkte zu gewährleisten und damit einen funktionsfähigen marktwirtschaftlichen Wettbewerb nachhaltig abzusichern.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Böheim & Werner Hölzl & Agnes Kügler, 2018. "Wettbewerbs- und regulierungspolitische Herausforderungen der Digitalisierung. Auf dem Weg zu einer "Sozialen Marktwirtschaft 4.0"," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 91(12), pages 871-880, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:monber:y:2018:i:12:p:871-880
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    References listed on IDEAS

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