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Die Zukunft der Arbeit und der Wandel der Arbeitswelt

Author

Listed:
  • Eichhorst, Werner

    () (IZA)

  • Buhlmann, Florian

    () (University of Mannheim)

Abstract

Die Zukunft der Arbeit wird vom technischen Fortschritt, der Globalisierung, dem demographischen Wandel und institutionellen Veränderungen geprägt. Daraus entwickelt sich in Fortschreibung jüngerer Entwicklungen eine vielfältige Arbeitswelt mit erheblichen Unterschieden der Arbeitsbedingungen nach Branchen und Berufen, wobei vor allem kreative, interaktive und komplexere Tätigkeiten und die dafür benötigten Fachkräfte im Mittelpunkt stehen werden. Gleichzeitig wachsen die Anforderungen an die Unternehmen im Hinblick auf Innovationsfähigkeit und Flexibilität, wobei die Vereinbarkeit mit den Präferenzen der Arbeitskräfte eine zentrale Herausforderung für eine tragfähige Arbeitsorganisation wird.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichhorst, Werner & Buhlmann, Florian, 2015. "Die Zukunft der Arbeit und der Wandel der Arbeitswelt," IZA Standpunkte 77, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp77
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David H. Autor & David Dorn, 2013. "The Growth of Low-Skill Service Jobs and the Polarization of the US Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(5), pages 1553-1597, August.
    2. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2013. "Reflexionen zur Zukunft der Arbeit," IZA Standpunkte 56, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Frey, Carl Benedikt & Osborne, Michael A., 2017. "The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 254-280.
    4. Maarten Goos & Alan Manning & Anna Salomons, 2014. "Explaining Job Polarization: Routine-Biased Technological Change and Offshoring," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(8), pages 2509-2526, August.
    5. Eichhorst, Werner & Tobsch, Verena, 2014. "Flexible Arbeitswelten," IZA Research Reports 59, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Julia Bock-Schappelwein & Michael Böheim & Elisabeth Christen & Stefan Ederer & Matthias Firgo & Klaus S. Friesenbichler & Werner Hölzl & Mathias Kirchner & Angela Köppl & Agnes Kügler & Christine May, 2018. "Politischer Handlungsspielraum zur optimalen Nutzung der Vorteile der Digitalisierung für Wirtschaftswachstum, Beschäftigung und Wohlstand," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61256, December.
    2. Eichhorst, Werner & Buhlmann, Florian, 2018. "Wie gesellschaftlicher Fortschritt die Arbeitsorganisation prägt," IZA Standpunkte 91, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Julia Bock-Schappelwein & Rainer Eppel & Ulrike Famira-Mühlberger & Agnes Kügler & Helmut Mahringer & Fabian Unterlass & Christine Zulehner, 2016. "Die Wirkung von Innovationsaktivitäten geförderter österreichischer Unternehmen auf die Belegschaft," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 58930, December.
    4. Gunther Tichy, 2018. "Polarisierung der beruflichen Anforderungen durch die Digitalisierung?," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 91(3), pages 177-190, March.
    5. Bofinger, Peter & Schnabel, Isabel & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2015. "Zukunftsfähigkeit in den Mittelpunkt. Jahresgutachten 2015/16," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201516.
    6. Christine Mayrhuber & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2018. "Dimensionen plattformbasierter Arbeit in Österreich und Europa. Implikationen für die soziale Sicherheit," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61667, December.
    7. Eichhorst, Werner, 2015. "Müssen wir vor der Zukunft der Arbeit Angst haben?," IZA Standpunkte 81, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Beckert, Bernd & Buschak, Daniela & Graf, Birgit & Hägele, Martin & Jäger, Angela & Moll, Cornelius & Schmoch, Ulrich & Wydra, Sven, 2016. "Automatisierung und Robotik-Systeme," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 11-2016, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor market flexibility; future of work; demographic change; technological change;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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