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Wie gesellschaftlicher Fortschritt die Arbeitsorganisation prägt

Author

Listed:
  • Eichhorst, Werner

    () (IZA)

  • Buhlmann, Florian

    () (ZEW Mannheim)

Abstract

Die Arbeitswelt ist in ständigem Wandel begriffen. Dies betrifft sowohl die Veränderung der Erwerbsformen als auch der innerbetrieblichen Arbeitsorganisation. Während über längere Zeit die Entwicklung des Arbeitsmarktes und die zeitweise stark wachsende Verbreitung von atypischer Beschäftigung in Deutschland debattiert und analysiert wurde, stehen aktuell zu beobachtende und künftig erwartete Strukturveränderungen aufgrund digitaler technischer Anwendungen im Mittelpunkt. Wir können aber auch angesichts der zentralen Entwicklungslinien des technischen Fortschritts und der Globalisierung davon ausgehen, dass die Erwerbsarbeit nicht verschwinden wird. Sie unterliegt aber weiterhin starken Veränderungen. Wir können insgesamt eine Zukunft der Arbeit erwarten, die viele unterschiedliche, teilweise auch dynamisch neu entstehende Formen der Erwerbstätigkeit und Arbeitswelt umfassen wird. Menschliche Arbeit wird dabei angesichts der wachsenden Potenziale zur Automatisierung oder Verlagerung von Routinetätigkeiten noch mehr als in der Vergangenheit von im Kern spezifisch menschlichen Elementen wie Umgang mit Komplexität, Interaktion und Innovationsfähigkeit geprägt sein.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichhorst, Werner & Buhlmann, Florian, 2018. "Wie gesellschaftlicher Fortschritt die Arbeitsorganisation prägt," IZA Standpunkte 91, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp91
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eichhorst, Werner & Buhlmann, Florian, 2015. "Die Zukunft der Arbeit und der Wandel der Arbeitswelt," IZA Standpunkte 77, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    3. Eichhorst, Werner & Hinte, Holger & Rinne, Ulf & Tobsch, Verena, 2016. "Digitalisierung und Arbeitsmarkt: Aktuelle Entwicklungen und sozialpolitische Herausforderungen," IZA Standpunkte 85, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Eichhorst, Werner & Fahrenholtz, Benedikt & Linckh, Carolin, 2017. "Persönliches Erwerbstätigenkonto - Internationale Modelle und Erfahrungen," IZA Research Reports 78, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Bonin, Holger & Rinne, Ulf, 2017. "Omnibusbefragung zur Verbesserung der Datenlage neuer Beschäftigungsformen," IZA Research Reports 80, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Wolter, Marc Ingo & Mönnig, Anke & Hummel, Markus & Schneemann, Christian & Weber, Enzo & Zika, Gerd & Helmrich, Robert & Maier, Tobias & Neuber-Pohl, Caroline, 2015. "Industrie 4.0 und die Folgen für Arbeitsmarkt und Wirtschaft : Szenario-Rechnungen im Rahmen der BIBB-IAB-Qualifikations- und Berufsfeldprojektionen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201508, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Zukunft der Arbeit; technologischer Wandel; Berufe; Deutschland;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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