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Business Fluctuations, Job Flows and Trade Unions - Dynamics in the Economy

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  • Beate Schirwitz

Abstract

Die vorliegende Arbeit wurde von Beate Schirwitz während ihrer Tätigkeit in der Dresdner Niederlassung des ifo Instituts erstellt. Sie wurde im Februar 2012 abgeschlossen und im Juli 2012 vom Fachbereich Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften an der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz als Dissertation angenommen. Die Studie beschäftigt sich mit einer Reihe ökonomischer Aspekte, bei denen die Dynamik der zugrundeliegenden Parameter essentiell ist: Wie kann man in aggregierten Daten Konjunkturzyklen identifizieren? Warum führen positive Produktivitätsschocks zu uneindeutigen Outputdynamiken? Kann man solche heterogenen Produktivitätsschocks und die von ihnen ausgelösten Anpassungsreaktionen in empirischen Daten identifizieren? Welche Konsequenzen hat die explizite Berücksichtigung der Mitgliederdynamik auf das optimale Verhalten von Gewerkschaften? Um diese Fragen zu beantworten werden theoretische und empirische Methoden herangezogen. Zu den empirischen Methoden zählen parametrische und nicht-parametrische Techniken zur Datierung von Konjunkturzyklen sowie die Aufbereitung und Analyse eines Mikrodatensatzes. Die theoretischen Kapitel basieren auf verschiedenen Versionen von Search-and-Matching- und Gewerkschafts-Arbeitsmarktmodellen. Um die Gleichgewichtslösungen und die Pfade dorthin zu identifizieren und zu analysieren, wurden Methoden zur intertemporalen Optimierung und komparative Statik herangezogen.

Suggested Citation

  • Beate Schirwitz, 2013. "Business Fluctuations, Job Flows and Trade Unions - Dynamics in the Economy," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 47, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifobei:47
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business cycles; business cycle dating algorithm; Pissarides-style labour; markets; positive productivity shocks; recession; job flows; micro data; dynamic wage bargaining; endogenous union membership; bargaining centralization.;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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