IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Likelihood Ratio Test under Nonstandard Conditions: Testing the Markov Switching Model of GNP


  • Hansen, Bruce E


A theory of testing under non-standard conditions is developed. By viewing the likelihood as a function of the unknown parameters, empirical process theory enables us to bound the asymptotic distribution of standardized likelihood ratio statistics, even when conventional regularity conditions (such as unidentified nuisance parameters and identically zero scores) are violated. This testing methodology is the Markov switching model of GNP proposed by Hamilton (1989). The standardized likelihood ratio test is unable to reject the hypothesis of an AR(4) in favour of the Markov switching model. Instead, we find strong evidence for an alternative model. This model, like Hamilton's, is characterized by parameters which switch between states, but the states arrive independently over time, rather than following an unrestricted Markov process. The primary difference, however, is that the second autoregressive parameter, in addition to the intercept, switches between states. Copyright 1992 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Hansen, Bruce E, 1992. "The Likelihood Ratio Test under Nonstandard Conditions: Testing the Markov Switching Model of GNP," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(S), pages 61-82, Suppl. De.
  • Handle: RePEc:jae:japmet:v:7:y:1992:i:s:p:s61-82

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: full text
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to JSTOR subscribers. See for details.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:jae:japmet:v:7:y:1992:i:s:p:s61-82. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing or Christopher F. Baum (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.