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Green Returns to Education: Does Schooling Contribute to Pro-Environmental Behaviours? Evidence from Thailand

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  • Chankrajang, Thanyaporn
  • Muttarak, Raya

Abstract

We investigate whether there are green returns to education, where formal education encourages pro-environmental behaviours using nationally representative surveys on environmental issues in Thailand. To establish the causal relationship between education and green behaviours, we exploit the instrumental variables strategy using the supply of state primary schooling i.e. the corresponding number of teachers per 1000 children, which varies over time and across regions as the instrument, while controlling for regional, cohort and income effects. We find that more years of schooling lead to a greater probability of taking knowledge-based environmentally-friendly actions a great deal, but not cost-saving pro-environmental actions. In addition, the paper finds no significant impact of formal education on concern about global warming nor the willingness to pay for environmental tax.

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  • Chankrajang, Thanyaporn & Muttarak, Raya, 2017. "Green Returns to Education: Does Schooling Contribute to Pro-Environmental Behaviours? Evidence from Thailand," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 434-448.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:131:y:2017:i:c:p:434-448
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.09.015
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    1. repec:eee:wdevel:v:96:y:2017:i:c:p:32-51 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Blankenberg, Ann-Kathrin & Alhusen, Harm, 2018. "On the determinants of pro-environmental behavior: A guide for further investigations," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 350, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    3. Mariateresa Silvi & Emilio Padilla Rosa, 2017. "Pro-environmental behavior: On the interplay of intrinsic motivations and external conditions," Working Papers wpdea1703, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    4. repec:gam:joitmc:v:4:y:2018:i:1:p:8-:d:138174 is not listed on IDEAS

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