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Co-benefits of CO2 emission reduction in a developing country

Listed author(s):
  • Shrestha, Ram M.
  • Pradhan, Shreekar

In this paper, we examine the co-benefits of reducing CO2 emissions in Thailand during 2005-2050 in terms of local pollutant emissions as well as the role of renewable-, biomass- and nuclear-energy. It also examines the implications of CO2 emission reduction policy on energy security of the country. The analyses are based on a long term energy system model of Thailand using the MARKAL framework. The study shows that the power sector would account for the largest share (over 60%) in total CO2 emission reduction followed by the industrial and transport sectors. Under the CO2 emission reduction target of 30%, there would be a reduction in SO2 emission by 43% from the base case level. With the CO2 emission reduction target of 10-30%, the cumulative net energy imports in the country during 2005-2050 would be reduced in the range of over 16 thousand PJ to 26 thousand PJ from the base case emission level. Under the CO2 emission reduction targets, the primary energy supply system would be diversified towards lower use of coal and higher use of natural gas, biomass and nuclear fuels.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 (May)
Pages: 2586-2597

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:5:p:2586-2597
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  1. Grubb, Michael & Butler, Lucy & Twomey, Paul, 2006. "Diversity and security in UK electricity generation: The influence of low-carbon objectives," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 4050-4062, December.
  2. Shrestha, Ram M. & Malla, Sunil & Liyanage, Migara H., 2007. "Scenario-based analyses of energy system development and its environmental implications in Thailand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 3179-3193, June.
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  4. Tanatvanit, Somporn & Limmeechokchai, Bundit & Shrestha, Ram M., 2004. "CO2 mitigation and power generation implications of clean supply-side and demand-side technologies in Thailand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 83-90, January.
  5. Tanatvanit, Somporn & Limmeechokchai, Bundit & Chungpaibulpatana, Supachart, 2003. "Sustainable energy development strategies: implications of energy demand management and renewable energy in Thailand," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 367-395, October.
  6. Ram M. Shrestha & Shreekar Pradhan & Migara H. Liyanage, 2008. "Effects of carbon tax on greenhouse gas mitigation in Thailand," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(sup1), pages 140-155, December.
  7. Prasertsan, S. & Sajjakulnukit, B., 2006. "Biomass and biogas energy in Thailand: Potential, opportunity and barriers," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 599-610.
  8. Santisirisomboon, Jerasorn & Limmeechokchai, Bundit & Chungpaibulpatana, Supachart, 2001. "Impacts of biomass power generation and CO2 taxation on electricity generation expansion planning and environmental emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 975-985, October.
  9. Jae Edmonds & Leon Clarke & Marshall Wise & Hugh Pitcher & Steve Smith, 2008. "Implications for the USA of stabilization of radiative forcing at 3.4 W/m-super-2," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(sup1), pages 76-92, December.
  10. Govinda Timilsina & Ram Shrestha, 2002. "General equilibrium analysis of economic and environmental effects of carbon tax in a developing country: case of Thailand," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 5(3), pages 179-211, September.
  11. Limmeechokchai, Bundit & Suksuntornsiri, Pawinee, 2007. "Assessment of cleaner electricity generation technologies for net CO2 mitigation in Thailand," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 315-330, February.
  12. Limmeechokchai, Bundit & Suksuntornsiri, Pawinee, 2007. "Embedded energy and total greenhouse gas emissions in final consumptions within Thailand," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 259-281, February.
  13. Nair Rajesh & P.R. Shukla & Manmohan Kapshe & Amit Garg & Ashish Rana, 2003. "Analysis of Long-term Energy and Carbon Emission Scenarios for India," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 53-69, March.
  14. Uwe Remme & Markus Blesl, 2008. "A global perspective to achieve a low-carbon society (LCS): scenario analysis with the ETSAP-TIAM model," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(sup1), pages 60-75, December.
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