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Compulsory Schooling Reforms, Education and Mortality in Twentieth Century Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Christina Gathmann
  • Hendrik Jürges
  • Steffen Reinhold

Abstract

Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies, for example, report contradictory effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality - ranging from zero to large mortality reductions. Using data from 19 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the mean mortality effect and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that men benefit from compulsory education both in the shorter and longer run. In contrast, compulsory schooling reforms have little or no effect on mortality for women.

Suggested Citation

  • Christina Gathmann & Hendrik Jürges & Steffen Reinhold, 2012. "Compulsory Schooling Reforms, Education and Mortality in Twentieth Century Europe," CESifo Working Paper Series 3755, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3755
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fischer, Martin & Karlsson, Martin & Nilsson, Therese, 2013. "Effects of Compulsory Schooling on Mortality: Evidence from Sweden," Working Paper Series 992, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    2. Mazzonna, Fabrizio, 2014. "The long lasting effects of education on old age health: Evidence of gender differences," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 129-138.
    3. Palme, Mårten & Simeonova, Emilia, 2015. "Does women's education affect breast cancer risk and survival? Evidence from a population based social experiment in education," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 115-124.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    compulsory schooling; education; mortality; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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