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A Researcher's Guide to the Swedish Compulsory School Reform

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  • Holmlund, Helena

    () (Centre for Economic Performance)

Abstract

When studying different types of returns to education, educational reforms are commonly used in the economics literature as a source of exogenous variation in education. The Swedish compulsory school reform is one example; the reform extended compulsory education throughout the country, in different municipalities at different points in time. Such variation across cohorts and regions can be used in a differences-in-differences framework, in order to estimate causal effects of education. This paper provides a guide to researchers who consider using the Swedish reform in an empirical analysis: I present a description and background of the reform, provide some baseline results, a reliability analysis of the reform coding, a discussion of whether the reform is a valid instrument, and comment on the interpretation of IV estimates of returns to schooling.

Suggested Citation

  • Holmlund, Helena, 2007. "A Researcher's Guide to the Swedish Compulsory School Reform," Working Paper Series 9/2007, Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2007_009
    as

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    File URL: http://www.sofi.su.se/content/1/c6/03/09/74/WP07no9.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    educational reform; instrumental variables;

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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