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The long shadow of a large scale education interruption: The intergenerational effect

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  • Meng, Xin
  • Zhao, Guochang

Abstract

During the Chinese Cultural Revolution of 1966–1976 city schools and universities were closed for many years. As a result, a large number of people from the relevant cohorts missed 1–8 years of schooling. We find that this large-scale schooling interruption has a strong negative effect on children’s educational attainment, and this effect is mainly through parental education rather than other channels. Using the education interruption as the instrument in an IV estimation, we find that one-year reduction of parental education because of the school interruptions during the CR reduced their children’s education level by 0.32 years and the probability of obtain a university degree by 4.1 percentage points or an 18% reduction relative to the average of the childrens generation. As human capital accumulation is one of the main drivers of economic development, these negative schooling shocks will have a long-term impact on economic development via intergenerational education transmission.

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  • Meng, Xin & Zhao, Guochang, 2021. "The long shadow of a large scale education interruption: The intergenerational effect," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:71:y:2021:i:c:s0927537121000439
    DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2021.102008
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Human capital; Intergenerational transmission; Cultural Revolution;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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