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Learning to Take Risks? The Effect of Education on Risk-Taking in Financial Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Black, Sandra E.

    (Department of Economics, University of Texas, Austin)

  • Devereux, Paul J.

    (School of Economics and Geary Institute, University College Dublin)

  • Lundborg, Petter

    (Department of Economics, Lund University)

  • Majlesi, Kaveh

    (Department of Economics, Lund University)

Abstract

We investigate whether acquiring more education when young has long-term effects on risk-taking behavior in financial markets and whether the effects spill over to spouses and children. There is substantial evidence that more educated people are more likely to invest in the stock market. However, little is known about whether this is a causal effect of education or whether it arises from the correlation of education with unobserved characteristics. Using exogenous variation in education arising from a Swedish compulsory schooling reform in the 1950s and 1960s, and the wealth holdings of the population of Sweden in 2000, we estimate the effect of education on stock market participation and risky asset holdings. We find that an extra year of education increases stock market participation by about 2% for men but there is no evidence of any positive effect for women. More education also leads men to hold a greater proportion of their financial assets in stocks and other risky financial assets. We find no evidence of spillover effects from male schooling to the financial decisions of spouses or children.

Suggested Citation

  • Black, Sandra E. & Devereux, Paul J. & Lundborg, Petter & Majlesi, Kaveh, 2015. "Learning to Take Risks? The Effect of Education on Risk-Taking in Financial Markets," Working Papers 2015:8, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:lunewp:2015_008
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Portfolio choice; Asset allocation; Returns to education; Risk-taking; Investment behavior;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education

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