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Windfall Gains and Stock Market Participation

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  • Joseph S. Briggs
  • David Cesarini
  • Erik Lindqvist
  • Robert Östling

Abstract

We estimate the causal effect of wealth on stock market participation using administrative data on Swedish lottery players. A $150,000 windfall gain increases stock ownership probability among pre-lottery non-participants by 12 percentage points, while pre-lottery stock holders are unaffected. The effect is immediate, seemingly permanent and heterogeneous in intuitive ways. Standard lifecycle models predict wealth effects far too large to match our causal estimates under common calibrations. Additional analyses suggest a limited role for explanations such as procrastination or real-estate investment. Overall, results suggest that “nonstandard” beliefs or preferences contribute to the nonparticipation of households across many demographic groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Joseph S. Briggs & David Cesarini & Erik Lindqvist & Robert Östling, 2015. "Windfall Gains and Stock Market Participation," NBER Working Papers 21673, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:21673
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    Cited by:

    1. Saleem Bahaj & Angus Foulis & Gabor Pinter, 2020. "Home Values and Firm Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 110(7), pages 2225-2270, July.
    2. Eva M. Sierminska & Jacques Silber, 2020. "The diversity of household assets holdings in the United States in 2007 and 2009: measurement and determinants," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 599-634, September.
    3. Andreas Fagereng & Martin B. Holm & Gisle J. Natvik, 2016. "MPC heterogeneity and household balance sheets," Discussion Papers 852, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    4. Paolo Sodini & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Roine Vestman & Ulf von Lilienfeld-Toal, 2016. "Identifying the Benefits from Home Ownership: A Swedish Experiment," NBER Working Papers 22882, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Oscar Erixson, 2017. "Health responses to a wealth shock: evidence from a Swedish tax reform," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(4), pages 1281-1336, October.
    6. Gomes, Francisco J & Haliassos, Michael & Ramadorai, Tarun, 2020. "Household Finance," CEPR Discussion Papers 14502, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Bahaj, Saleem A. & Foulis, Angus & Pinter, Gabor, 2016. "The residential collateral channel," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86240, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    8. Robert Östling & Erik Lindqvist & David Cesarini & Joseph Briggs, 2016. "Wealth, Portfolio Allocations, and Risk Preference," 2016 Meeting Papers 1089, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Zygimantas Mauricas & Valdone Darskuviene & Tamara Marinicevaite, 2017. "Stock Market Participation Puzzle In Emerging Economies: The Case Of Lithuania," Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies, Faculty of Economics, Vilnius University, vol. 8(2).
    10. Steffen Meyer & Michaela Pagel, 2019. "Fully Closed: Individual Responses to Realized Gains and Losses," NBER Working Papers 25542, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Kristian Blickle & Martin Brown, 2019. "Borrowing Constraints, Home Ownership and Housing Choice: Evidence from Intra‐Family Wealth Transfers," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(2-3), pages 539-580, March.
    12. repec:vul:omefvu:v:9:y:2017:i:2:id:234 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Jesse Bricker & Geng Li, 2017. "Credit Scores, Social Capital, and Stock Market Participation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-008, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    14. Evren, Özgür, 2019. "Recursive non-expected utility: Connecting ambiguity attitudes to risk preferences and the level of ambiguity," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 285-307.
    15. Thomas A. Stephens & Jean-Robert Tyran, 2016. "Money Illusion and Household Finance," Discussion Papers 16-14, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    16. Jiandong Li & Jianmei Zhao, 2019. "How Housing Affects Stock Investment—An SEM Analysis," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(1), pages 1-1, March.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • G02 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Behavioral Finance: Underlying Principles
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions

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