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Limited Stock Market Participation Among Renters and Home Owners

  • Roine Vestman

    (Stockholm University and SIFR)

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    Home owners are about twice as likely as renters to participate in the stock market, both in the USA and Sweden. This paper sets up a life-cycle portfolio choice model which generates this pattern of limited stock market participation. Calibrated to Swedish data, the model generates the stock market participation rate of home owners as well as the much lower participation rate of renters. In addition, the model replicates two salient features of the data. First, it replicates the U-shaped life-cycle profile of stock market participation among renters, which is due to sorting. Second, the crowding-out mechanism that leads to limited participation among home owners in the model is consistent with difference-in-difference regressions on a high-quality Swedish panel data set.

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    File URL: https://www.economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2013/paper_549.pdf
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    Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2013 Meeting Papers with number 549.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:549
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    3. Marjorie Flavin & Shinobu Nakagawa, 2008. "A Model of Housing in the Presence of Adjustment Costs: A Structural Interpretation of Habit Persistence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(1), pages 474-95, March.
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    6. Calvet, Laurent & Campbell, John Y. & Sodini, Paolo, 2006. "Down or out: assessing the welfare costs of household investment mistakes," Les Cahiers de Recherche 832, HEC Paris.
    7. Davis, Steven J. & Willen, Paul S., 2013. "Occupation-level income shocks and asset returns: their covariance and implications for portfolio choice," Working Papers 13-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, revised 24 Oct 2013.
    8. Thomas A. Becker, 2010. "Outstanding Debt and the Household Portfolio," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 23(7), pages 2900-2934, July.
    9. Steffan G. Ball, 2009. "Stock market participation, portfolio choice and pensions over the life-cycle," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2008-64, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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    20. Joao F. Cocco, 2005. "Portfolio Choice in the Presence of Housing," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 18(2), pages 535-567.
    21. Francisco Gomes & Alexander Michaelides & Valery Polkovnichenko, 2009. "Optimal Savings with Taxable and Tax-Deferred Accounts," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 12(4), pages 718-735, October.
    22. Stokey, Nancy L., 2009. "Moving costs, nondurable consumption and portfolio choice," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(6), pages 2419-2439, November.
    23. Francisco Gomes & Alexander Michaelides, 2005. "Optimal Life-Cycle Asset Allocation: Understanding the Empirical Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(2), pages 869-904, 04.
    24. Luis M. Viceira, 2001. "Optimal Portfolio Choice for Long-Horizon Investors with Nontradable Labor Income," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(2), pages 433-470, 04.
    25. Annette Vissing-Jorgensen, 2002. "Towards an Explanation of Household Portfolio Choice Heterogeneity: Nonfinancial Income and Participation Cost Structures," NBER Working Papers 8884, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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