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Compulsory Schooling Reforms, Education and Mortality in Twentieth Century Europe

  • Gathmann, Christina

    ()

    (Heidelberg University)

  • Jürges, Hendrik

    ()

    (University of Mannheim)

  • Reinhold, Steffen

    ()

    (MEA, University of Mannheim)

Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies, for example, report contradictory effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality – ranging from zero to large mortality reductions. Using data from 19 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the mean mortality effect and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that men benefit from compulsory education both in the shorter and longer run. In contrast, compulsory schooling reforms have little or no effect on mortality for women.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6403.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Social Science and Medicine, 2014, [Online First]
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6403
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