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Goods-Market Frictions and International Trade

Author

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  • Pawel Krolikowski
  • Andrew H. McCallum

Abstract

We present a tractable framework that embeds goods-market frictions in a general equilibrium dynamic model with heterogeneous exporters and identical importers. These frictions arise because it is time consuming and expensive for exporters and importers to meet. We show that search frictions lead to an endogenous fraction of unmatched exporters, alter the gains from trade, endogenize entry costs, and imply that the competitive equilibrium does not generally result in the socially optimal number of searching firms. Finally, ignoring search frictions results in biased estimates of the effect of tariffs on trade flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Pawel Krolikowski & Andrew H. McCallum, 2017. "Goods-Market Frictions and International Trade," International Finance Discussion Papers 1207, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 23 May 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgif:1207
    DOI: 10.17016/IFDP.2017.1207
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew B. Bernard & Andreas Moxnes, 2018. "Networks and Trade," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 10(1), pages 65-85, August.
    2. Clemence Lenoir & Isabelle Mejean & Julien Martin, 2018. "Search Frictions in International Good Markets," 2018 Meeting Papers 878, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Jaerim Choi, 2020. "Two-Sided Heterogeneity, Endogenous Sharing, and International Matching Markets," Working Papers 202006, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    4. Giulia Brancaccio & Myrto Kalouptsidi & Theodore Papageorgiou, 2020. "Geography, Transportation, and Endogenous Trade Costs," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 88(2), pages 657-691, March.
    5. Lincoln, William F. & McCallum, Andrew H., 2018. "The rise of exporting by U.S. firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 280-297.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Goods; Trade; Frictions; Information; Search;

    JEL classification:

    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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