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The buyer margins of firms' exports

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  • Carballo, Jerónimo
  • Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P.
  • Volpe Martincus, Christian

Abstract

We use highly disaggregated firm-level export data from Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Uruguay over the period 2005-2008 to provide a precise characterization of firms' export margins, across products, destination countries, and crucially customers. We show that a firm's number of buyers and the distribution of sales across them systematically vary with the characteristics of its destination markets. While most firms serve only very few buyers abroad, the number of buyers and the skewness of sales across them increases with the size and the accessibility of destinations. We develop a simple model of selection with heterogeneous buyers and sellers consistent with these findings in which tougher competition induces a better alignment between consumers' ideal variants and firms' core competencies. This generates an additional channel through which tougher competition leads to higher productivity and higher welfare and hints at an additional source of gains from trade as long as freer trade fosters competition.

Suggested Citation

  • Carballo, Jerónimo & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P. & Volpe Martincus, Christian, 2013. "The buyer margins of firms' exports," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 51578, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:51578
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    6. M. Scott Taylor, "undated". "Trade and the Environment: New Methods, Measurements, and Results NBER Working Paper No. 22636," Working Papers 2016-46, Department of Economics, University of Calgary, revised 01 Dec 2016.
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    14. Kamal, Fariha & Sundaram, Asha, 2016. "Buyer–seller relationships in international trade: Do your neighbors matter?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 128-140.
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