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The Comparative African Regional Economics of Globalization in Financial Allocation Efficiency: Pre-Crisis Era Revisited

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  • Simplice A. Asongu

    (Yaounde, Cameroon)

  • Joseph Nnanna

    (The Development Bank of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria)

  • Vanessa S. Tchamyou

    (Yaoundé, Cameroon)

Abstract

The study assesses the role of globalization-fuelled regionalization policies on financial allocation efficiency in four economic and monetary regions in Africa for the period 1980 to 2008. Banking system and financial system efficiency proxies are used as dependent variables whereas seven bundled and unbundled globalization variables are employed as independent indicators. The bundling exercise is achieved by means of principal component analysis while the empirical evidence is based on interactive Fixed Effects regressions. The following findings are established. First, financial allocation efficiency is more sensitive to financial openness compared to trade openness and most sensitive to globalization. The relationship between allocation efficiency and globalization-fuelled regionalization policies is: (i) Kuznets or inverted U-shape in the UEMOA and CEMAC zones (evidence of decreasing returns to allocation efficiency from globalization-fuelled regionalization) and (ii) U-shape overwhelmingly in the COMESA and scantily in the EAC (increasing returns to allocation efficiency from globalization-fuelled regionalization). Established shapes are relevant to specific globalization dynamics within regions. Economic and monetary regions are more prone to surplus liquidity than purely economic regions. Policy implications and measures of fighting surplus liquidity are discussed.

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  • Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph Nnanna & Vanessa S. Tchamyou, 2019. "The Comparative African Regional Economics of Globalization in Financial Allocation Efficiency: Pre-Crisis Era Revisited," Research Africa Network Working Papers 19/085, Research Africa Network (RAN).
  • Handle: RePEc:abh:wpaper:19/085
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    11. Asongu, Simplice A. & Andrés, Antonio R., 2020. "Trajectories of knowledge economy in SSA and MENA countries," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
    12. Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2019. "The role of openness in the effect of ICT on governance," Information Technology for Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3), pages 503-531, July.
    13. Asongu, Simplice A. & Nwachukwu, Jacinta C., 2016. "The Mobile Phone in the Diffusion of Knowledge for Institutional Quality in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 133-147.
    14. Simplice A Asongu, 2013. "How has politico-economic liberalization affected financial allocation efficiency? Fresh African evidence," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(1), pages 663-676.
    15. Asongu, Simplice & Odhiambo, Nicholas, 2020. "Trade and FDI Thresholds of CO2 emissions for a Green Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 107494, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph Nnanna & Paul N. Acha-Anyi, 2021. "The Openness Hypothesis in the Context of Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Moderating Role of Trade Dynamics on FDI," The International Trade Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 336-359, July.
    17. Simplice A. Asongu & Rexon T. Nting, 2021. "The role of finance in inclusive human development in Africa revisited," Working Papers 21/006, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
    18. Simplice A. Asongu & Voxi H. S. Amavilah & Antonio R. Andres, 2019. "Business Dynamics, Knowledge Economy, and the Economic Performance of African Countries," Research Africa Network Working Papers 19/004, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    19. Simplice A. Asongu & Vanessa S. Tchamyou, 2019. "Foreign Aid, Education and Lifelong Learning in Africa," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 10(1), pages 126-146, March.
    20. Simplice Asongu & Lieven De Moor & Vanessa Tchamyou, 2015. "Pre- and post-crisis dynamics of financial globalisation for financial development in Africa," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 15/045, African Governance and Development Institute..

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Globalization; Financial Development; Regional Integration; Panel; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A10 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - General
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • P50 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - General

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