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The incremental effect of education on corruption: evidence of synergy from lifelong learning

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  • Simplice A. Asongu

    (Yaoundé/Cameroon)

  • Jacinta C. Nwachukwu

    (Coventry University, UK)

Abstract

Education as a tool in the fight against corruption has been subject to much debate in academic and policy making circles. This note extends what we know on this nexus in a threefold manner: namely, in terms of: incremental, lifelong learning and synergy effects. Four main findings are established. First, education is a powerful tool in the fight against corruption. Second, there is evidence of an incremental effect in the transition from secondary to tertiary education. Third, lifelong learning defined as knowledge acquired during primary, secondary and tertiary education negatively affects corruption. Fourth, there is evidence of a ‘synergy effect’ because the impact of lifelong learning is higher than the combined effects of various educational levels. The empirical evidence is based on 53 African countries for the period 1996-2010. Two main policy implications are derived. First, encouraging education through the tertiary level enhances the fight against corruption. Second, the drive towards a knowledge economy by means of lifelong learning has ‘corruption mitigating’ benefits.

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  • Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2015. "The incremental effect of education on corruption: evidence of synergy from lifelong learning," Research Africa Network Working Papers 15/036, Research Africa Network (RAN).
  • Handle: RePEc:abh:wpaper:15/036
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    Cited by:

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    3. Simplice A Asongu & Lieven De Moor, 2017. "Financial Globalisation Dynamic Thresholds for Financial Development: Evidence from Africa," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 29(1), pages 192-212, January.
    4. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph Nnanna & Vanessa S. Tchamyou, 2020. "The comparative African regional economics of globalization in financial allocation efficiency: the pre-crisis era revisited," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 6(1), pages 1-41, December.
    5. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph I. Uduji & Elda N. Okolo-Obasi, 2019. "Foreign aid volatility and lifelong learning," Research Africa Network Working Papers 19/086, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    6. Forson, Joseph Ato & Baah-Ennumh, Theresa Yabaa & Buracom, Ponlapat & Chen, Guojin & Peng, Zhen, 2014. "Causes of Corruption: Evidence from Sub-Sahara Africa," MPRA Paper 102431, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Mar 2016.
    7. Germà Bel, 2019. "“Tax me, but don’t drown me in regulations: Understanding differences in corruption across the countries of Europe"," IREA Working Papers 201920, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Dec 2019.
    8. Simplice A. Asongu & Vanessa S. Tchamyou, 2019. "Foreign Aid, Education and Lifelong Learning in Africa," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 10(1), pages 126-146, March.
    9. Forson, Joseph Ato, 2014. "A “Recursive Framework” of Corruption and Development: Comparison between Economic and Sustainable outcomes," MPRA Paper 102211, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Nov 2016.
    10. Bingab, Bernard B.B. & Forson, Joseph Ato & Mmbali, Oscar S. & Baah-Ennumh, Theresa Yabaa, 2015. "The evolution of university governance in Ghana: implications for education policy and practice," MPRA Paper 70940, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Feb 2016.
    11. Nugroho S. B. Maria & Indah Susilowati & Salman Fathoni & Izza Mafruhah, 2021. "The Effect of Education and Macroeconomic Variables on Corruption Index in G20 Member Countries," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-13, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Lifelong learning; Corruption; Development; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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