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On the Sensitivity of Banking Activity to Macroeconomic Shocks: Evidence from CEMAC Sub-region
[Sensibilité du Secteur Bancaire aux Chocs Macroéconomiques: Cas de la sous-région CEMAC]

Author

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  • Christian-Lambert Nguena

    (REMA - REMA - REMA (Research in Applied Micro and Macro Economy) - REMA - Recherche)

  • Roger Tsafack-Nanfosso

    (REMA - REMA - REMA (Research in Applied Micro and Macro Economy) - REMA - Recherche)

Abstract

This paper qualitatively and quantitatively assesses the degree of resilience in the financial intermediary sector of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC) to macroeconomic shocks and discusses the relevant policy implications. Using GMM and a battery of estimations techniques, the panel-based investigations broadly show that the sub-region is vulnerable to macroeconomic shocks. Lower bank provisions result on the one hand from shortages or decreases in long-term financing, real exchange, GDP per capita growth rate and on the other hand from increases of interest rates. Whereas the change in interest rate increases net income commission, the effect is negative from lower levels of short-term financing. The incidence of changes in interest rates on the interest rate margin of banks is ambiguous. The findings broadly confirm the need to incorporate macroeconomic shocks in financial policy decision making. The paper contributes at the same to the knowledge on stock management in monetary zones and the need to: (1) timely intervene to mitigate potential shocks and; (2) increase control to sustain the credibility of the banking system.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian-Lambert Nguena & Roger Tsafack-Nanfosso, 2014. "On the Sensitivity of Banking Activity to Macroeconomic Shocks: Evidence from CEMAC Sub-region [Sensibilité du Secteur Bancaire aux Chocs Macroéconomiques: Cas de la sous-région CEMAC]," Post-Print halshs-01097850, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01097850
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01097850
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    2. Vanessa Simen Tchamyou, 2017. "The Role of Knowledge Economy in African Business," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 8(4), pages 1189-1228, December.
    3. Simplice A. Asongu, 2017. "Boosting Scientific Publications in Africa: Which IPRs Protection Channels Matter?," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 8(1), pages 197-210, March.
    4. Simplice A. Asongu, 2014. "Knowledge Economy and Financial Sector Competition in African Countries," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 26(2), pages 333-346, June.
    5. Simplice A. Asongu, 2017. "Knowledge Economy Gaps, Policy Syndromes, and Catch-Up Strategies: Fresh South Korean Lessons to Africa," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 8(1), pages 211-253, March.
    6. Simplice A. Asongu & Antonio R. Andrés, 2019. "Trajectories of Knowledge Economy in SSA and MENA countries," CEREDEC Working Papers 19/013, Centre de Recherche pour le Développement Economique (CEREDEC).
    7. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta C Nwachukwu, 2015. "The incremental effect of education on corruption: evidence of synergy from lifelong learning," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(4), pages 2288-2308.
    8. Simplice Asongu & Christian Nguena, 2014. "Equitable and Sustainable Development of Foreign Land Acquisitions: Lessons, Policies and Implications," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 14/038, African Governance and Development Institute..
    9. Asongu, Simplice & Nguena, Christian, 2014. "Equitable and Sustainable Development of Foreign Land Acquisitions: what have we learnt on policy syndromes and implications?," MPRA Paper 56808, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Asongu, Simplice & Andrés, Antonio R., 2015. "Trajectories in Knowledge Economy: Empirics from SSA and MENA countries," MPRA Paper 71786, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Simplice A. Asongu, 2017. "The Comparative Economics of Knowledge Economy in Africa: Policy Benchmarks, Syndromes, and Implications," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 8(2), pages 596-637, June.
    12. Koketso Phale & Fanglin Li & Isaac Adjei Mensah & Akoto Yaw Omari-Sasu & Mohammed Musah, 2021. "Knowledge-Based Economy Capacity Building for Developing Countries: A Panel Analysis in Southern African Development Community," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(5), pages 1-28, March.
    13. Asongu, Simplice A. & Andrés, Antonio R., 2020. "Trajectories of knowledge economy in SSA and MENA countries," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).

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    Keywords

    Macroeconomic shock; Panel data econometrics; Shocks management; Banking economics.;
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