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Bank Profitability and Capital Regulation: Evidence from Listed and non-Listed Banks in Africa


  • Peterson K. Ozili


This study investigates the determinants of African bank profitability while controlling for bank capital regulation. Using static and dynamic panel estimation techniques, the findings indicate that bank size, total regulatory capital, and loan loss provisions are significant determinants of the return on assets of listed banks compared to non-listed banks. Also, regulatory capital has a more significant (and positive) impact on the return on assets of listed banks than non-listed banks particularly when listed banks have sufficient regulatory capital ratio. We also find that higher regulatory thresholds have a negative impact on the return on asset of non-listed banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Peterson K. Ozili, 2017. "Bank Profitability and Capital Regulation: Evidence from Listed and non-Listed Banks in Africa," Journal of African Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 143-168, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:wjabxx:v:18:y:2017:i:2:p:143-168
    DOI: 10.1080/15228916.2017.1247329

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chihwa Kao & Min-Hsien Chiang, 1997. "On the Estimation and Inference of a Cointegrated Regression in Panel Data," Econometrics 9703001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Valentina Flamini & Mr. Calvin A McDonald & Miss Liliana B Schumacher, 2009. "The Determinants of Commercial Bank Profitability in Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 2009/015, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Peterson K. Ozili, 2017. "Bank earnings smoothing, audit quality and procyclicality in Africa: The case of loan loss provisions," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 16(2), pages 142-161, May.
    4. Eichengreen, Barry & Gibson, Heather D, 2001. "Greek Banking at the Dawn of the New Millennium," CEPR Discussion Papers 2791, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Campbell, John Y, 1996. "Understanding Risk and Return," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(2), pages 298-345, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Size, efficiency, market power, and economies of scale in the African banking sector," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-22, December.
    2. Efobi, Uchenna & Asongu, Simplice & Okafor, Chinelo & Tchamyou, Vanessa & Tanankem, Belmondo, 2019. "Remittances, finance and industrialisation in Africa," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 54-66.
    3. Davis, E Philip & Ali Abdilahi, Ridwa, 2022. "Econometric Analysis of the Determinants of Bank Profitability in Three Major African Counties: Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 536, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    4. Ozili, Peterson K, 2019. "Basel III in Africa: Making It Work," MPRA Paper 94222, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Ozili, Peterson K & Uadiale, Olayinka, 2017. "Ownership Concentration and Bank Profitability," MPRA Paper 102571, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Jonas Ladime & Rayenda Khresna Brahmana, 2021. "Role of controlling shareholders on the performance of efficient African banks," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 33(2), pages 316-328, June.
    7. Changjun Zheng & Mohammed Mizanur Rahman & Munni Begum & Badar Nadeem Ashraf, 2017. "Capital Regulation, the Cost of Financial Intermediation and Bank Profitability: Evidence from Bangladesh," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 10(2), pages 1-24, April.
    8. Sanni Mubaraq & Salami Abdulai Agbaje & Uthman Ahmad Bukola, 2020. "Determinants of Bank Performance in Nigeria: Do they Behave Differently with Risk-Adjusted Returns?," Studia Universitatis „Vasile Goldis” Arad – Economics Series, Sciendo, vol. 30(3), pages 1-34, September.
    9. Ozili, Peterson, 2021. "Bank profitability determinants: comparing the United States, Nigeria and South Africa," MPRA Paper 105638, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Hussain A. Bekhet & Ahmad Mohammad Alsmadi & Mohamed Khudari, 2020. "Effects of Internal and External Factors on Profitability of Jordanian Commercial Banks: Panel Data Approach," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 11(5), pages 359-375, October.

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