IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Basel III in Africa: Making It Work


  • Ozili, Peterson K


Basel III is a framework to protect the global banking system. This article provides a policy discussion on Basel III in Africa. The significance of Basel III is discussed, and some ideas to consider when implementing Basel III to make it work in Africa, are provided. Under Basel III, the African banking industry should expect better capital quality, higher capital levels, minimum liquidity requirement for banks, reduced systemic risk, and differences in Basel III transitional arrangements. This article also emphasizes that (i) there should be enough time for the transition to Basel III in Africa, (ii) a combination of micro and macro-prudential regulations is needed; and (iii) the need to repair the balance sheets of banks, in preparation for Basel III. The discussions in this article will benefit policymakers, academics and other stakeholders interested in financial regulation in Africa such as the World bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Suggested Citation

  • Ozili, Peterson K, 2019. "Basel III in Africa: Making It Work," MPRA Paper 94222, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:94222

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peterson K. Ozili, 2017. "Bank Profitability and Capital Regulation: Evidence from Listed and non-Listed Banks in Africa," Journal of African Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 143-168, April.
    2. Buch, Claudia M. & DeLong, Gayle, 2008. "Do weak supervisory systems encourage bank risk-taking?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 23-39, April.
    3. Peterson K. Ozili, 2019. "Bank loan loss provisions, risk-taking and bank intangibles," Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 9(1), pages 21-39.
    4. Daniela Laas & Caroline Franziska Siegel, 2017. "Basel III Versus Solvency II: An Analysis of Regulatory Consistency Under the New Capital Standards," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 84(4), pages 1231-1267, December.
    5. Laeven, Luc & Levine, Ross, 2009. "Bank governance, regulation and risk taking," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 259-275, August.
    6. Ozili, Peterson K, 2015. "Determinants of Bank Profitability and Basel Capital Regulation: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria," MPRA Paper 61048, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Ozili, Peterson K, 2015. "Determinants of Bank Profitability and Basel Capital Regulation: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria," MPRA Paper 61069, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Ozili, Peterson K, 2019. "Bank loan loss provisions, risk-taking and bank intangibles," MPRA Paper 90273, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Frank Ranganai Matenda & Mabutho Sibanda & Eriyoti Chikodza & Victor Gumbo, 2022. "Bankruptcy prediction for private firms in developing economies: a scoping review and guidance for future research," Management Review Quarterly, Springer, vol. 72(4), pages 927-966, December.
    2. Ozili, Peterson K, 2021. "Basel III in Nigeria: making it work," MPRA Paper 108495, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Damilola Oyetade & Adefemi A. Obalade & Paul-Francois Muzindutsi, 2023. "Basel IV capital requirements and the performance of commercial banks in Africa," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 24(1), pages 1-14, March.
    4. Yosra Mnif & Imen Slimi, 2023. "Former auditors on the audit committee and earnings management: Evidence from African banks," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 63(2), pages 2383-2420, June.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ozili, Peterson K & Uadiale, Olayinka, 2017. "Ownership Concentration and Bank Profitability," MPRA Paper 102571, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Davis, E Philip & Ali Abdilahi, Ridwa, 2022. "Econometric Analysis of the Determinants of Bank Profitability in Three Major African Counties: Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 536, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    3. Ozili, Peterson, 2021. "Bank profitability determinants: comparing the United States, Nigeria and South Africa," MPRA Paper 105638, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Sanni Mubaraq & Salami Abdulai Agbaje & Uthman Ahmad Bukola, 2020. "Determinants of Bank Performance in Nigeria: Do they Behave Differently with Risk-Adjusted Returns?," Studia Universitatis „Vasile Goldis” Arad – Economics Series, Sciendo, vol. 30(3), pages 1-34, September.
    5. Alin Marius Andries & Martin Brown, 2017. "Credit booms and busts in emerging markets," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 25(3), pages 377-437, July.
    6. Ongena, Steven & Popov, Alexander & Udell, Gregory F., 2013. "“When the cat's away the mice will play”: Does regulation at home affect bank risk-taking abroad?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(3), pages 727-750.
    7. Ozili, Peterson, K, 2016. "Bank Profitability and Capital Regulation: Evidence from Listed and non-Listed Banks in Africa," MPRA Paper 75856, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Andrieş, Alin Marius & Nistor, Simona, 2016. "Systemic risk, corporate governance and regulation of banks across emerging countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 144(C), pages 59-63.
    9. Alpanda, Sami & Aysun, Uluc, 2022. "Regulatory arbitrage and economic stability," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 129(C).
    10. Ozili, Peterson K, 2021. "Banking sector earnings management using loan loss provisions in the Fintech era," MPRA Paper 105083, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Uluc Aysun & Michael Tseng, 2021. "Regulatory arbitrage and global push factors," Working Papers 2021-01, University of Central Florida, Department of Economics.
    12. Olivier De Jonghe & Mustafa Disli & Koen Schoors, 2012. "Corporate Governance, Opaque Bank Activities, and Risk/Return Efficiency: Pre- and Post-Crisis Evidence from Turkey," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 41(1), pages 51-80, April.
    13. Stela CIOBU & Ion CARA, 2022. "Effects Of Internal Control System On Credit Risk And Financial Performance Of The Moldovan Banks," Contemporary Economy Journal, Constantin Brancoveanu University, vol. 7(2), pages 41-54.
    14. Ms. Deniz O Igan & Thomas Lambert, 2019. "Bank Lobbying: Regulatory Capture and Beyond," IMF Working Papers 2019/171, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Andries, Alin Marius & Brown, Martin, 2014. "Credit Booms and Busts in Emerging Markets: The Role of Bank Governance and Risk Managment," Working Papers on Finance 1414, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    16. Buck, Florian & Schliephake, Eva, 2013. "The regulator’s trade-off: Bank supervision vs. minimum capital," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4584-4598.
    17. John Kandrac & Bernd Schlusche, 2017. "The Effect of Bank Supervision on Risk Taking : Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-079, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    18. Amina Zgarni & Hassouna Fadhila & Moez El Gaied, 2018. "Audit Committee and Discretionary Loan Loss Provisions in Tunisian Commercial Banks," International Journal of Business and Management, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 13(3), pages 169-169, February.
    19. Shabir, Mohsin & Jiang, Ping & Bakhsh, Satar & Zhao, Zhongxiu, 2021. "Economic policy uncertainty and bank stability: Threshold effect of institutional quality and competition," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    20. Dina Hosam Gabr & Mona A. ElBannan, 2018. "Consequences of Basel Accords on Bank Risk-Taking and Profitability: Evidence from Asian Countries," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 8(12), pages 1506-1531, December.

    More about this item


    Basel III; Bank business models; Bank performance; Financial stability; Capital regulation; Bank regulation; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:94222. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Joachim Winter (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.