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A Review of Empirical Research on the Design and Impact of Regulation in the Banking Sector

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  • Hans Degryse

    (Department of Accountancy, Finance and Insurance, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; and Centre for Economic Policy Research, EC1V 3PZ London, United Kingdom)

  • Sanja Jakovljević

    (Department of Accountancy, Finance and Insurance, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium)

  • Steven Ongena

    () (Centre for Economic Policy Research, EC1V 3PZ London, United Kingdom; Department of Banking and Finance, University of Zürich, 8032 Zürich, Switzerland; and Swiss Finance Institute, CH-8006 Zürich, Switzerland)

Abstract

We review existing empirical research on the design and impact of regulation in the banking sector. The impact of each individual piece of regulation may inexorably depend on the set of regulations already in place, the characteristics of the banks involved (from their size or ownership structure to operational idiosyncrasies in terms of capitalization levels or risk-taking behavior), and the institutional development of the country where the regulation is introduced. This complexity is challenging for the econometrician, who relies either on single-country data to identify challenges for regulation or on cross-country data to assess the overall effects of regulation. It is also troubling for the policy maker, who has to optimally design regulation to avoid any unintended consequences, especially those that vary over the credit cycle such as the currently developing macroprudential frameworks.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans Degryse & Sanja Jakovljević & Steven Ongena, 2015. "A Review of Empirical Research on the Design and Impact of Regulation in the Banking Sector," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 7(1), pages 423-443, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:anr:refeco:v:7:y:2015:p:423-443
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    Cited by:

    1. Merz, Julia & Overesch, Michael & Wamser, Georg, 2017. "The location of financial sector FDI: Tax and regulation policy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 14-26.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank capital; banking regulation; Basel; cross-country studies; procyclicality;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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