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The Cyclical Behavior of Bank Capital Buffers in an Emerging Economy: Size Does Matter

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  • Andrés Felipe García-Suaza

    ()

  • Jose Eduardo Gómez-González

    ()

  • Andrés Murcia pabón

    ()

  • Feenando tenjo Galarza

    ()

Abstract

Using a panel of Colombian banks and quarterly data between 1996:1 and 2010:3, we study the relationship between short-run adjustments in bank capital buffers and the business cycle. We follow a partial adjustment framework and control for several variables that have been identified as important determinants of bank capital buffers in previous studies, and find that bank capital buffers vary over the business cycle. We are able to identify a negative co-movement of capital buffers and the business cycle. However, we also find that capital buffers of small and large banks behave asymmetrically during the business cycle. While the former appear to be constant over time, once the appropriate set of control variables is used, the latter present a countercyclical behavior. Our results suggest the possible need of the implementation of regulatory policy measures in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Felipe García-Suaza & Jose Eduardo Gómez-González & Andrés Murcia pabón & Feenando tenjo Galarza, 2011. "The Cyclical Behavior of Bank Capital Buffers in an Emerging Economy: Size Does Matter," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008305, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:008305
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. José E. Gómez-González & Luis Fernando Melo Velandia, 2013. "Efectos de “ángeles caídos” en el mercado accionario colombiano: estudio de eventos del caso Interbolsa," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 010977, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. José E. Gómez-González & Luis Fernando Melo Velandia, 2013. "Efectos de “ángeles caídos” en el mercado accionario colombiano: estudio de eventos del caso Interbolsa," Borradores de Economia 779, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Sine KONTBAY BUSUN & Adnan KASMAN, 2015. "A Note on Bank Capital Buffer, Portfolio Risk and Business Cycle," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 15(1), pages 1-7.
    4. Franz Alonso Hamann Salcedo & Rafael Hernández & Luisa Fernanda Silva Escobar & Fernando Tenjo Galarza, 2013. "Credit Pro-cyclicality and Bank Balance Sheet in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 010695, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. Mohamed Trabelsi & Ibrahim Elbadawi & Dhuha Fadhel, 2015. "Bank's Capital Buffers and Business Cycle: Evidence from GCC Countries. 2004-2011," Working Papers 925, Economic Research Forum, revised Jul 2015.
    6. José E. Gómez-González & Luis Fernando Melo Velandia, 2014. "Efectos de «ángeles caídos» en el mercado accionario colombiano: estudio de eventos del caso Interbolsa," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 32(75), pages 23-27, December.
    7. de Moraes, Claudio Oliveira & Montes, Gabriel Caldas & Antunes, José Américo Pereira, 2016. "How does capital regulation react to monetary policy? New evidence on the risk-taking channel," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 177-186.
    8. Franz Alonso Hamann Salcedo & Rafael Hernández & Luisa Fernanda Silva EScobar & Fernando Tenjo Galarza, 2013. "Credit Pro-cyclicality and Bank Balance Sheet in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 762, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Cecilia Dassatti & Alejandro Pena & Jorge Ponce & Magdalena Tubio, 2015. "Countercyclical Capital Buffer: The Case of Uruguay," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 251-285, July-Dece.
    10. Hans Degryse & Sanja Jakovljević & Steven Ongena, 2015. "A Review of Empirical Research on the Design and Impact of Regulation in the Banking Sector," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 7(1), pages 423-443, December.
    11. Juan Amador & José Gómez-González & Andrés Pabón, 2013. "Loan growth and bank risk: new evidence," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, pages 365-379.
    12. Felipe Clavijo Ramírez & Jorge Luis Hurtado Guarín & Oscar Fernando Jaulín Méndez & Javier Pirateque Niño, 2016. "El requerimiento de capital contracíclico en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 963, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    13. Andres Murcia & Emanuel Kohlscheen, 2016. "Moving in tandem: bank provisioning in emerging market economies," BIS Working Papers 548, Bank for International Settlements.
    14. Carvallo, Oscar & Kasman, Adnan & Kontbay-Busun, Sine, 2015. "The Latin American bank capital buffers and business cycle: Are they pro-cyclical?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 148-160.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank capital buffers; Credit risk; Regulation; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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