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The Cyclical Behavior of Bank Capital Buffers in an Emerging Economy: Size Does Matter

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  • Andrés Felipe García-Suaza

    ()

  • José E. Gómez-González

    ()

  • Andrés Murcia Pabón

    ()

  • Fernando Tenjo-Galarza

    ()

Abstract

Using a panel of Colombian banks and quarterly data between 1996:1 and 2010:3, we study the relationship between short-run adjustments in bank capital buffers and the business cycle. We follow a partial adjustment framework and control for several variables that have been identified as important determinants of bank capital buffers in previous studies, and find that bank capital buffers vary over the business cycle. We are able to identify a negative co-movement of capital buffers and the business cycle. However, we also find that capital buffers of small and large banks behave asymmetrically during the business cycle. While the former appear to be constant over time, once the appropriate set of control variables is used, the latter present a countercyclical behavior. Our results suggest the possible need of the implementation of regulatory policy measures in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Felipe García-Suaza & José E. Gómez-González & Andrés Murcia Pabón & Fernando Tenjo-Galarza, 2011. "The Cyclical Behavior of Bank Capital Buffers in an Emerging Economy: Size Does Matter," Borradores de Economia 650, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:650
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Claudio Borio & Craig Furfine & Philip Lowe, 2001. "Procyclicality of the financial system and financial stability: issues and policy options," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Marrying the macro- and micro-prudential dimensions of financial stability, volume 1, pages 1-57 Bank for International Settlements.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hans Degryse & Sanja Jakovljević & Steven Ongena, 2015. "A Review of Empirical Research on the Design and Impact of Regulation in the Banking Sector," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 7(1), pages 423-443, December.
    2. Mohamed Trabelsi & Ibrahim Elbadawi & Dhuha Fadhel, 2015. "Bank's Capital Buffers and Business Cycle: Evidence from GCC Countries. 2004-2011," Working Papers 925, Economic Research Forum, revised Jul 2015.
    3. Alberto Montagnoli & Konstantinos Mouratidis & Kemar Whyte, 2018. "Assessing the Cyclical Behaviour of Bank Capital Buyers in a Finance-Augmented Macro-Economy," Working Papers 2018003, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics.
    4. Sine KONTBAY BUSUN & Adnan KASMAN, 2015. "A Note on Bank Capital Buffer, Portfolio Risk and Business Cycle," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 15(1), pages 1-7.
    5. José E. Gómez-González & Luis Fernando Melo Velandia, 2014. "Efectos de «ángeles caídos» en el mercado accionario colombiano: estudio de eventos del caso Interbolsa," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 32(75), pages 23-27, December.
    6. Juan Amador & José Gómez-González & Andrés Pabón, 2013. "Loan growth and bank risk: new evidence," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 27(4), pages 365-379, December.
    7. Felipe Clavijo Ramírez & Jorge Luis Hurtado Guarín & Oscar Fernando Jaulín Méndez & Javier Pirateque Niño, 2016. "El requerimiento de capital contracíclico en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 963, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. de Moraes, Claudio Oliveira & Montes, Gabriel Caldas & Antunes, José Américo Pereira, 2016. "How does capital regulation react to monetary policy? New evidence on the risk-taking channel," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 177-186.
    9. Andres Murcia & Emanuel Kohlscheen, 2016. "Moving in tandem: bank provisioning in emerging market economies," BIS Working Papers 548, Bank for International Settlements.
    10. Carvallo, Oscar & Kasman, Adnan & Kontbay-Busun, Sine, 2015. "The Latin American bank capital buffers and business cycle: Are they pro-cyclical?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 148-160.
    11. Carvallo Valencia, Oscar Alfonso & Ortiz Bolaños, Alberto, 2018. "Bank capital buffers around the world: Cyclical patterns and the effect of market power," MPRA Paper 84617, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Cecilia Dassatti & Alejandro Pena & Jorge Ponce & Magdalena Tubio, 2015. "Countercyclical Capital Buffer: The Case of Uruguay," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 251-285, July-Dece.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank capital buffers; Credit risk; Regulation; Colombia. Classification JEL: C26; G2; G28.;

    JEL classification:

    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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